1)

Why does the Torah repeat "Yovel hi Sh'nas ha'Chamishim Shanah"?

1.

Rashi and Riva (citing Rosh Hashanah 9a): The fiftieth year is Kadosh, but not the fifty-first


1

Following the opinion of the Rabbanan of R. Yehudah who hold that the Yovel is not the part of the cycle. See Torah Temimah, note 60.

2

See Oznayim la'Torah, who discusses the question of how many people need to retain their Avadim Ivrim in order to negate the Dinim of Yovel.

2)

What are the connotations of "ve'Lo Sivtz'ru es Nezirehah"?

1.

Rashi: It means that one is forbidden to harvest the grapes that have been guarded, 1 only those that are Hefker. 2

2.

Ramban: Refer to 25:5:4:2.

3.

Rashbam, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that one may not harvest the grapes that have fallen off the vines.


1

Rashi: In the same way as the Torah stated by Sh'mitah. It transpires that there are two consecutive years of Kedushah, the forty-ninth, which is Sh'mitah, and the fiftieth, which is Yovel. See Torah Temimah, note 61, who elaborates.

2

It is not clear as to why Rashi does not comment on "ve'Lo Siktz'ru es Sefichehah." (EC).

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