1)

Bearing in mind that all the Mitzvos were said at Sinai, what is the special connection between Sh'mitah and Har Sinai?

1.

Rashi (citing the Sifra): To teach us that, just as the Sh'mitah was given at Sinai, its K'lalim, P'ratim and Dikdukim (its principles, details and fine points), so too, were all the Mitzvos given at Sinai with their K'lalim, P'ratim and Dikdukim. And we learn this from the fact that Sh'mitah is not repeated at Arvos Mo'av, (where most other Mitzvos are repeated). 1

2.

Ramban and Seforno: When, in Mishpatim, Sh'mos 23:11, when Moshe was on Har Sinai, the Torah wrote "ve'ha'Shevi'is Tishm'tenah u'Netashtah, ve'Ichlu Evyonei Amecha", it did not include the details of Shevi'is. So it mentions "be'Har Sinai" here


1

See Ramban, who queries this explanation, based on the fact that there are many other Mitzvos that are not mentioned there.

2

Ramban (citing the Sifra): And we learn all the other Mitzvos from Sh'mitah from the last Pasuk in Bechukosai, where, following the Mitzvos of Sh'mitah and Yovel, the Torah concludes "Eileh ha'Mitzvos asher Tzivah Hashem ... be'Har Sinai". See Ramban DH 've'Chein Shanu'.

3

I do not know the source that Kohanim fix the years, unless we say that Stam Chachamim are Kohanim (Devarim 17:12 supports this), nor that Kohanim blow the Shofar of Yovel. (PF).

4

See Ba'al ha'Turim, who elaborates further.

2)

Why does the Torah insert the Mitzvah of Sh'mitah here?

1.

Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra): This is part of the covenant with Yisrael (Sh'mos 24:7). 1 It is taught here to connect it with Aveiros for which they can be exiled from the land - the Arayos, in Acharei-Mos and Kedoshim, and letting the land rest in Sh'mitah. 2

2.

Ramban #2: Har Sinai in this Pasuk is referring to the second time that Moshe ascended the Mountain to receive the second Luchos, and that is when Hashem taught him about the Sh'mitah. 3

3.

Seforno: Seeing as they were about to enter Eretz Yisrael, 4 Hashem taught them about Sh'mitah, particularly about the laws pertaining to the land, to ensure that they would not be exiled from it. 5

4.

Moshav Zekenim #1 citing R. Yehudah ha'Chasid: It is taught next to the blasphemer, because a. modest Chachamim teach their Talmidim Hashem's name once in Sh'mitah (seven years), b. the blasphemer's Pasul lineage was taught; one may not deposit Peros with someone suspected about Sh'mitah; 6 c. if you will ask, from where did the blasphemer know Hashem's name


1

Ramban: When they declared "Na'aseh ve'Nishma".

2

Ramban: See 18:28, 26:34. He inserted Emor first, in order to mention the Shabbasos before the Sh'mitah. .

3

Ramban: Immediately following the erection of the Mishkan, Hashem called Moshe (Vayikra, 1:1) and commanded him the Parshah of Korbanos and all of Toras Kohanim (Vayikra), which Moshe immediately taught to Yisrael. He also told them that Hashem had commanded him on Har Sinai to explain to them the Sh'mitah and Yovel, and to enter into a (new) covenant with them on all the Mitzvos and Mishpatim with a curse and an oath. This covenant did not require the Korbanos that the first one did; they did however, reaccept the original covenant with the oaths and the curses (mentioned in Bechukosai - see 26:46), because Hashem pardoned them (for the sin of the Eigel) on these conditions, as the Ramban explained in Vayakhel, Sh'mos, 34:47. In fact, Yisrael reaffirmed the B'ris again under the same conditions at Arvos Mo'av (See Devarim 28:69). Moshav Zekenim

3)

Rashi brings from the Sifra that just like Sh'mitah was given at Sinai

1.

Rashi: They were not repeated at Arvos Mo'av (in Sefer Devarim), so we must say that they were totally taught at Sinai. 1

2.

Ramban: K'lalosehah (its general rules) refers to "veha'Shevi'is Tishmetenah u'Netashtah" (Sh'mos 23:11). Pratosehah and Dikdukehah (its details and fine points) are taught here. And "Eileh ha'Mitzvos... " (27:34) compares all the Mitzvos to Sh'mitah. 2


1

Ramban: Many Mitzvos were not repeated in Arvos Mo'av! Perhaps those that were repeated, this was to add matters not taught at Sinai! Moshav Zekenim

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