hebrew
1)

What are the connotations of "Vayikov"?

1.

Rashi: It means that he specified the Name of Hashem 1 before blaspheming it.

2.

Moshav Zekenim, citing R. Eliezer of Garmaiza: He literally [wrote Hashem's name] and pierced it. He also blasphemed verbally.


1

Rashi: The precise Name of Havayah that he heard at Har Sinai.

2)

Why does the Torah see fit to specify the name the blasphemer's mother?

1.

Rashi: It is in praise of Yisrael, since she was the only woman who had illicit relations.

3)

What is the significance of her name?

1.

Rashi: "Shelomis" - she would twitter 'Shalom to you! Shalom to you', enquiring after the wellbeing of all and sundry. "Bas Divri"- she was talkative, and tended to speak to anybody she met (including men) - and that is what caused her ruin.

4)

Why does the Torah find it necessary to specify the name of her tribe?

1.

Rashi: It teaches us that a Rasha shames himself, his father and his tribe. 1

2.

Bechor Shor, Chizkuni, Da'as Zekenim: This caused the quarrel. People of Dan crave judgment (Pesachim 4a). 2


1

Rashi: By the same token, the Torah writes in Shemos 35:34 "Ohali'av ben Achisamach l'Mateh Dan" to teach us that a Tzadik brings praise upon himself, upon his father and upon his tribe.

2

They imply that the blasphemer received this trait from his mother's tribe. Even though normally it depends only on the father, perhaps this is only when the father is a Yisrael. Or, perhaps the reason why others protested and brought him to Moshe was because he wanted to camp among them, and they were from Dan! (PF)

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