hebrew
1)

Which Korbanos is the Pasuk referring to?

1.

Rashi: It is referring to the Musafim that are recorded in Pinchas.

2)

Why does the Torah write "Shiv'as" and not 'Shiv'ah'?

1.

Rashi: 'Shiv'ah' is an adjective; "Shivah", a noun - a group of seven. 1


1

See also Sifsei Chachamim.

3)

What is included in "Meleches Avodah"?

1.

Rashi (from Toras Kohanim): Even Devar ha'Avud (it is crucial, and there will be a loss if it is not performed today), which is permitted on Chol ha'Mo'ed, is forbidden. 1

2.

Ramban (citing R. Chananel), Moshav Zekenim: All Melachos that are not for Ochel Nefesh, 2 and that are for the purpose of acquiring, such as sowing and reaping, digging etc. This is why wherever it says Meleches Avodah, it need not permit Meleches Ochel Nefesh.

3.

Rashi (Shabbos 131b): A Melachah that entails toil. 3

4.

Magid Mishneh (Hilchos Yom Tov 1:5): It is what a slave normally does for his master. Most people do not do it themselves, rather, they hire others to do it. This is to recall that we were slaves


1

Refer to 23:8:151:1

2

Rashi (Shemos 31:15) implies like this. Gur Aryeh (8) - Melachos not done for an individual (e.g. harvesting) are not Ochel Nefesh. See Ramban, who elaborates.

3

Zera Yitzchak (Rosh Hashanah 29b): From Ratzuf Ahavah (29b) I appreciated Rashi (he holds like the Magid Mishnah - refer to 23:8:4:4). The Ramban (refer to 23:24:1:3,4) forbids such matters from "Shabason".

4)

Why does the Torah group Shabbos, [the day of Shechitas Korban] Pesach and Chag ha'Matzos in one Dibur (va'Ydaber Hashem El Moshe - verse 1) whereas each of the other Yamim-Tovim has its own Dibur?

1.

Seforno: Because, as opposed to all the other Yamim-Tovim, all three were given before Matan Torah. 1

2.

According to the Vilna Gaon (refer to 23:3:1:6), verse 3 does not discuss Shabbos, rather, it alludes to the seven Yamim Tovim; this is not difficult. (Also 'Pesach' is not a separate Yom Tov - refer to 23:5:4:1 - PF).


1

Refer to question 23:10:1, refer to 23:10:1:1.

5)

Rashi (8) writes that "Meleches Avodah" is Devar ha'Avud, which is permitted on Chol ha'Mo'ed. In Chagigah (18a), it says that the forbidden Melachos of Chol ha'Moed (refer to 23:8:1:1*) are not hinted in the Torah but Chachamim were authorized to decide them!

1.

Mizrachi: Rashi cited a Toras Kohanim that said that Devar ha'Avud is forbidden on Yom Tov and permitted on Chol ha'Mo'ed. It is an Asmachta.

2.

Refer to 23:8:4:2-4.

3.

Rashi did not say that Meleches Avodah is Devar ha'Avud, just that even Devar ha'Avud is forbidden. (PF)

6)

Rashi (8) writes that "Meleches Avodah" is Devar ha'Avud, which is permitted on Chol ha'Mo'ed. In Chagigah (18a), it says that the forbidden Melachos of Chol ha'Moed (refer to 23:8:1:1*) are not hinted in the Torah but Chachamim were authorized to decide them!

1.

Mizrachi: Rashi cited a Toras Kohanim that said that Devar ha'Avud is forbidden on Yom Tov and permitted on Chol ha'Mo'ed. It is an Asmachta.

2.

Refer to 23:8:4:2-4.

3.

Rashi did not say that Meleches Avodah is Devar ha'Avud, just that even Devar ha'Avud is forbidden. (PF)

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

7)

Rashi writes that the verse refers to the Musafim in Pinchas. Why does it allude to them here?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that the various parts of the Korban are not dependent upon one another - If there are no bulls, bring the rams; if there are no rams, bring the lambs. 1

2.

Seforno: To incorporate Chol ha'Mo'ed in the realm of the Musafim.


1

Ramban and Seforno: It does not list them here because it lists them in Pinchas.

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