hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the seven days of Sukos followed by the eighth day?

1.

Ramban (according to Kabalah): The seven days represent the seven days of the Creation 1 and next to them Shemini Atzeres - , "la'Menatze'ach al ha'Sheminis" (Tehilim, 6:1). 2

2.

Moshav Zekenim: Sukos is for seven days, for there were seven Clouds of Glory - one above, one below, four in the four directions, and one that went in front of and led Yisrael in the Midbar.


1

See Ramban, I 've'Hinei Ta'am Kol ha'Parshah'.

2

Ramban: "v'Chagosem" stems from the word "Chug", a circle (as in Yeshayah, 44:13), or an orbit of time (as in Iyov, 22:14).

2)

What is the reason for the repetition "v'Chagosem Oso Chag"?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Yaravam invented a Chag in Cheshvan. The Torah warns to celebrate the Chag only in the proper time of the Chag.

3)

Why does it say "v'Chagosem Oso Chag la'Shem"?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: We could expound that the [Korban] Chagigah is to Hashem, but the Sukah is not - however, it says in Beitzah (30b) that Shem Shamayim takes effect on the Sukah. The wood is forbidden all seven days due to Muktzah for the Mitzvah, or [to avoid] disgrace of the Mitzvah.

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