hebrew
1)

What is this Pasuk coming to teach us?

1.

Rashi: It teaches us that it is a Mitzvah to arrange the Yamim-Tovim 1 in such a way that all of Yisrael are able to celebrate Yom-Tov - in fulfillment of the Mitzvah of Aliyas Regel - by announcing a leap-year 2 in the event that the Galuyos have left Bavel and will arrive late in Yerushalayim. 3


1

Bearing in mind that "asher Tikr'u osam" refers to Beis-Din fixing the Yamim-Tovim (Refer also to 23:2:4:1).

2

See Torah Temimah (note 2).

3

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2)

Why is the Parshah of Yamim-Tovim, which applies equally to all of Yisrael, in Sefer Toras Kohanim?

1.

Ramban: Because, although Yom-Tov per se applies to all of Yisrael, that of Korbanos, which the Pasuk mentions in connection with Yom-Tov, is applicable to the Kohanim in particular. 1


1

Ramban: See for example, Pasuk 8 and Pasuk 37.

3)

Why are the Musafim not mentioned in this Parshah?

1.

Ramban: Because Hashem did not intend them to bring the Musafim in the desert. 1


1

Ramban: And it is only after discussing the division of Eretz Yisrael (in Bamidbar 26:53) that the Torah discusses them

4)

What are the connotations of "asher Tikr'u osam Mikra'ei Kodesh"?

1.

Rashi: Refer to later, Vayikra, 32:35:1:1.

2.

Ramban #1 and Seforno: The Yamim-Tovim are called "Mikra'ei Kodesh" because it is a Mitzvah to gather in Shul to publicly sanctify the day with Tefilah and Hallel, and dressed in one's finery, and to make it a day of festivity. 1

3.

Ramban #2 (citing Targum #1 Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan #1: 'An occurrence of holiness' - On whichever day they occur, sanctify them.

4.

Ramban #3 (citing the Sifri and Targum Onkelos #2): Make them special with regard to food and drink and fine clothes. 2

5.

Rashbam, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: Whenever the term 'K'ri'ah' appears in connection with 'Mo'adim', it refers to the fixing of times. 3


1

Ramban: As the Pasuk indicates in Nechemyah (8:10). And "Mikra'ei Kodesh" means 'called to sanctify' - as in Yeshayah, 4:5.

2

Ramban: Do not treat them like an ordinary day. See also Ba'al ha'Turim on Pasuk 3.

3

Rashbam: See for example, Eichah, 1:15.

5)

What is the connection between this Parshah and the previous ones?

1.

Seforno: After discussing the Korbanos and those who bring them, the purpose of which was to rest the Shechinah in Yisrael, 1 the Torah presents the Dinim of the Mo'ados, whose purpose is to desist from mundane activities, some completely, 2 others partially, 3 to enable us to study Torah and to indulge in holy pursuits - either completely, partially. 4 By doing so, one causes the Shechinah to rest in Yisrael. 5


1

Seforno: See Shemos 29:42.

2

Seforno: See Shemos, 20:9 & 10.

3

Seforno: Shabbos and Yom Kipur.

4

Seforno: All the other Yamim-Tovim

5

Seforno: As the Gemara says in Beitzah, 29b 'Half for Hashem and half for you', so that one spends Yom-Tov rejoicing with Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu. Refer also to 23:2:6:1.

6)

What are the connotations of "Eileh heim Mo'adai"?

1.

Seforno 1 : These are My festivals - when you declare them Mikra'ei Kodesh; but if your celebrations are confined to eating, drinking and merrymaking, then your Yamim-Tovim are your festivals, and I detest them. 2


1

Refer to 23:2:5:1.

2

Seforno: As the Pasuk states in Yeshayah, 1:14.

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