hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah divide the Parshah of Mo'ados into four Diburim (to Bnei Yisrael) - the current Pasuk, and Pesukim 2, 24, 34?

1.

Ramban, Moshav Zekenim: It is because each one includes something new. It combines Shavu'os with the Omer because its timing depends on the Omer; 1 and Yom Kipur with Rosh Hashanah because they both pertain to atonement for sinners who repented. 2


1

Refer also to 23:8:5, refer to 23:8:5:1

2

Ramban: However, the Torah made them two Parshiyos (and each had a separate Dibur of Hashem to Moshe), because they are different.

2)

What does "v'Henif Es ha'Omer" entail?

1.

Rashi: Every Tenufah entails waving in all four directions, 1 upwards and downwards. 2


1

Rashi: To offset harmful winds.

2

Rashi: To prevent harmful dews.

3)

What are the ramifications of "Reishis Ketzirchem"?

1.

Rashi: It means that the Omer must be brought from the first harvest of that year's crops, 1 (a prohibition against harvesting one's crops before the Omer is brought on the 16th of Nisan (Rashi, Pesachim, 11a and Ramban).

2.

Moshav Zekenim: Yisrael are called "Reishis Tevu'aso" (Yirmeyah 2:3). Bring before Me Reishis, and I will blot out from in front of you "Reishis Goyim Amalek" (Bamidbar 24:20).


1

See Sifsei Chachamim. See also Ramban.

4)

What are the connotations of "u'Ketzartem es Ketzirah"?

1.

Rashi (Shabbos, 131a): It is a Mitzvah to cut the Omer li'Shemah (for the sake of the Mitzvah).

5)

What is the definition of "Omer"?

1.

Rashi: The measure of a tenth of an Eifah 1 is called 'Omer'.


1

An Eifah = 3 Se'ah = 18 Kabin = 72 Lugin = 432 egg-volumes.

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