hebrew
1)

What is the difference between "v'Lo Sechal'lu" and "v'Nikdashti"?

1.

Rashi: "v'Lo Sechal'lu" means that one should not sin on purpose 1 and "v'Nikdashti", that one should even sacrifice one's life 2 in order to sanctify Hashem's Name.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Rashi: With the express intention of dying, which is subject to a miraculous salvation - as occurred to Chananyah, Misha'el and Azaryah (See Daniel, 3:8). Not like Haran, who allowed himself to be cast into the furnace and died, because he thought that, like his brother Avram, he would be saved (See Rashi, Bereishis 22:28).

2)

Why does the Torah add "be'Soch Bnei Yisrael"?

1.

Rashi: Because it is only in public 1 that one is obligated to give up one's life.

2.

Seforno: Hashem is sanctified among Yisrael when He performs wonders with them, when He rules over them directly, without a medium. 2


1

In the presence of ten Jews (See Torah Temimah).

2

Seforno: As the Torah indicates in Shemos 34:10. See Seforno. Refer also to 22:33:3:1

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
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