What is the difference between "Gibein", "Dak" and "Tevalul be'Eino"?
Rashi and Ramban: "Gibein" means that his eye-brows are long and are growing over his eyes, "Dak" 1 , that a membrane has grown over his eye 2 and "Tevalul be'Eino", that a white strip runs from the white through the iris into the pupil.
Targum Yonasan: "Gibein" means that his eye-brows are long and are growing over his eyes, "Dak", that they are exceptionally sparse.
And what is the difference between "Garav" and Yalefes"?
Rashi: "Garav" is a dry boil, "Yalefes", 1 one that is moist on the outside and dry on the inside.
How do we reconcile the fat that the Torah here describes dry boils as "Garav", whereas in Devarim (28:27) it calls "Garav" boils that are moist on the outside?
Rashi: When "Garav" is placed beside "Yalefes", it means dry boils, whereas when it is placed beside "Cheres" it means boils that are moist on the outside. 1
See Rashi in Ki Savo, 28:27.
What is the meaning of "Mero'ach Ashech"?
Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Rashbam: It means that his Beitzim 1 (testicles) are crushed.
Ramban and Targum Yonasan: It means that his Beitzim are swollen or either shrunken or one is missing.
The Rashbam actually translated "Mero'ach" as squashed.
What is the significance of the order in which the blemishes are presented?
Ramban: First the Pasuk lists the blemishes that are connected with missing limbs and with limbs that are too small or too big, 1 followed by broken bones 2 and by limbs that are misshapen or where the flesh is stricken. 3 And finally, it presents a blemish that is caused by excessive wind. 4