hebrew
1)

What is the definition of "Giben"?

1.

Rashi: His eye-brows are long and are growing over his eyes.

2.

Chizkuni: Giben means a fat, tall Kohen. It is hard for him to serve.

2)

What is the definition of "Dak"?

1.

Rashi and Targum Onkelos: 'Eye-web'


1

Rashi: As in Yeshayah, 40:22.

3)

What is the difference between "Garav" and Yalefes"?

1.

Rashi: "Garav" is a dry boil, "Yalefes", 1 one that is moist on the outside and dry on the inside.


1

Rashi: It is so-called because 'it grips the sufferer until the day he dies (as in Devarim 15:29 - Rashi on 21:22), and is synonymous with the Egyptian Chazazis.

4)

How do we reconcile the fat that the Torah here describes dry boils as "Garav", whereas in Devarim (28:27) it calls "Garav" boils that are moist on the outside?

1.

Rashi: When "Garav" is placed beside "Yalefes", it means dry boils, whereas when it is placed beside "Cheres" it means boils that are moist on the outside. 1


1

See Rashi in Devarim 28:27.

5)

What is the meaning of "Mero'ach Ashech"?

1.

Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Rashbam: It means that his Beitzim 1 (testicles) are crushed.

2.

Ramban and Targum Yonasan: It means that his Beitzim are swollen or either shrunken or one is missing.

3.

Bechoros 44b: He does not have Beitzim, or he has only one.

4.

Bechoros 44b: His Beitzim dissolved.

5.

Bechoros 44b: He has a dark appearance.


1

The Rashbam actually translated "Mero'ach" as 'squashed'.

6)

What is the significance of the order in which the blemishes are presented?

1.

Ramban: First the Pasuk lists the blemishes that are connected with missing limbs and with limbs that are too small or too big, 1 followed by broken bones 2 and by limbs that are misshapen or where the flesh is stricken. 3 And finally, it presents a blemish that is caused by excessive wind. 4

2.

Seforno: First 5 the Torah list the blemishes that are caused externally, and then, the blemishes that are caused by an internal malfunction. 6


1

Ramban: In Pasuk 18.

2

Ramban: In Pasuk 19.

3

In Pasuk 20.

4

Ramban: Also in Pasuk 20. Refer to 21:20:4:2.

5

Seforno: In Pasuk 19. The Seforno does not refer to the blemishes listed in Pasuk 18.

6

Seforno: That are connected with the body's moisture or lack thereof.

7)

What is "Dak"?

1.

Rashi (from Bechoros 44a), A membrane has grown over his eye 1 (a cataract).

2.

Targum Yonasan: He has no hair in his eyebrows.

3.

Chizkuni: He is short.


1

Rashi: As in Yeshayah, 40:22.

8)

What is "Tevalul b'Eino"?

1.

Rashi (from Bechoros 44a), A white strip runs from the white through the iris into the pupil.

2.

Chizkuni: His eye is ruined.

3.

Bechoros 44a: "B'Eino" is extra. It includes any abnormality, e.g. both eyes are above, or both are below, or one is above and one is below, or he can see the first and second floors at once , or he talks with (and looks at ) Reuven, and Shimon says "He is looking at me."

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

9)

Rashi writes that "Tevalul be'Eino" (a white strip that runs into the pupil) is called a worm, Chilazon and a snake. Bechoros 38b says that Chilazon and snake are the same. The Tosefta says 'this is like its meaning, and 'this is like its meaning' (they are different)!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: They are slightly different from each other.

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