hebrew
1)

What is the difference between "Gibein", "Dak" and "Tevalul be'Eino"?

1.

Rashi and Ramban: "Gibein" means that his eye-brows are long and are growing over his eyes, "Dak" 1 , that a membrane has grown over his eye 2 and "Tevalul be'Eino", that a white strip runs from the white through the iris into the pupil.

2.

Targum Yonasan: "Gibein" means that his eye-brows are long and are growing over his eyes, "Dak", that they are exceptionally sparse.


1

Rashi: As in Yeshayah, 40:22.

2

Rashi: A disease called eye's-web.

2)

And what is the difference between "Garav" and Yalefes"?

1.

Rashi: "Garav" is a dry boil, "Yalefes", 1 one that is moist on the outside and dry on the inside.


1

Rashi: It is so-called because 'it grips the sufferer until the day he dies (as in Shoftim, 15:29

3)

How do we reconcile the fat that the Torah here describes dry boils as "Garav", whereas in Devarim (28:27) it calls "Garav" boils that are moist on the outside?

1.

Rashi: When "Garav" is placed beside "Yalefes", it means dry boils, whereas when it is placed beside "Cheres" it means boils that are moist on the outside. 1


1

See Rashi in Ki Savo, 28:27.

4)

What is the meaning of "Mero'ach Ashech"?

1.

Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Rashbam: It means that his Beitzim 1 (testicles) are crushed.

2.

Ramban and Targum Yonasan: It means that his Beitzim are swollen or either shrunken or one is missing.


1

The Rashbam actually translated "Mero'ach" as squashed.

5)

What is the significance of the order in which the blemishes are presented?

1.

Ramban: First the Pasuk lists the blemishes that are connected with missing limbs and with limbs that are too small or too big, 1 followed by broken bones 2 and by limbs that are misshapen or where the flesh is stricken. 3 And finally, it presents a blemish that is caused by excessive wind. 4

2.

Seforno: First 5 the Torah list the blemishes that are caused externally, and then, the blemishes that are caused by an internal malfunction. 6


1

Ramban: In Pasuk 18.

2

Ramban: In Pasuk 19.

3

In Pasuk 20.

4

Ramban: Also in Pasuk 20. Refer to 21:20:4:2.

5

Seforno: In Pasuk 19. The Seforno does not refer to the blemishes listed in Pasuk 18.

6

Seforno: That are connected with the body's moist or lack thereof.

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