hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "She'eiro"?

1.

Rashi: "She'eiro" means 'his wife'. (Refer to 21:2:155:1.)

2.

Targum Onkelos: With reference to the list of relatives that follows, it means 'his close relatives'.

3.

Moshav Zekenim, citing Toras Kohanim: Also a sister is called She'er (your aunt is called She'er Avicha - 18:12) because they came from the same womb. Also here, it refers to his wife, because they are called "Besar Echad" (Bereishis 2:24),

2)

Is a Kohen Metamei for a relative who was a Nefel (stillborn)?

1.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim: He is Metamei for relatives like his father and mother, who were not Nefalim.

3)

Here it mentions his mother before his father. Regarding a Kohen Gadol (verse 11), it mentions his father first!

1.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Moshav Zekenim, Rosh: The bigger Chidush is taught last. 1 Even though it is not Vadai his father (perhaps his mother was Mezanah 2 ), he is Metamei. A Kohen Gadol is not Metamei even for his mother, even though she is Vadai his mother.


1

Moshav Zekenim: There is a Chidush in his mother. Even if she became disqualified through Bi'ah to a Pasul, he is Metamei for her.

2

If so, the son has no Isur Tum'ah (he is a Mamzer, and not a Kohen)! It is a Chidush is that we force him to be Metamei for him, even though he is not Vadai (Moshav Zekenim).

4)

Do we distinguish between paternal and maternal siblings!

1.

, Hadar Zekenim, Moshav Zekenim, Da'as Zekenim (citing Toras Kohanim): Yes! He is Metamei only for paternal siblings, who [potentially] could inherit him, similar to his son and daughter.

5)

What do we learn from "ha'Karov Elav"?

1.

Hadar Zekenim: This excludes other relatives, e.g. an uncle.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

6)

Rashi writes that "She'ero" means his wife. If so, it should be feminine ("ha'Kerovah", like the next verse)!

1.

Sifsei Chachamim: She'er refers to She'er Basar, which is masculine.

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