hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Lo Sochlu al ha'Dam"?

1.

Rashi #1 and Targum Yonasan 1 : It is a prohibition against eating the meat of Kodshim before the blood has been sprinkled.

2.

Rashi #2: To eat from the flesh of an animal whilst it is still alive. 2

3.

Ramban, Rashbam, Seforno and Seforno: It is a La'av against sorcery 3 or some other form of witchcraft. 4


1

See Peirush Yonasan and Na'ar Yonasan.

2

Ramban In fact, this seems to have been the sin of King Shau'l's army, cited in Shmuel 1, 14:33, as intimated there in Pasuk 32. Rashi adds that the Gemara in Sanhedrin, 63a, lists many other interpretations of this La'av. The most relevant of them - not to eat before having 'prayed for one's blood' (See Torah Temimah, 202). The Ramban and the Rashbam too, refer to the Gemara in Sanhedrin.

3

Ramban: in keeping with the other La'avin in the Pasuk. And it entailed gathering blood into a pit, thereby attracting the demons, whom they would then question about the future - and that was the sin of King Shau'l's army, who were terrified of the P'lishrim, whom they were currently fighting. Rashbam: it entailed eating by the grave and performing witchcraft to prevent the deceased from taking revenge, or some other kind of witchcraft.

4

Seforno: which the Torah forbids because it means departing from the Ru'ach Taharah that surrounds Yisrael to a Ru'ach Tum'ah.

2)

What is the difference between "Lo Senachashu" and "Lo Se'oneinu"?

1.

Rashi: The former is a La'av against superstition - If one comes across a weasel or a bird; 'The bread fell from his mouth!' 'A deer crossed his path!'; the latter, superstition in connection with time - 'Such and such a day is good to start working!', That time of day is bad to go out!'.

2.

Ramban (in Devarim 18:9): The former is witchcraft via the chirping of birds or looking at their wings; the latter, witchcraft visa the formation of the clouds.

3.

Targum Yonasan: It is a prohibition against imitating the Sanhedrin, who study sorcery. 1

4.

Targum Yonasan (in Devarim 18:10): It is a prohibition against conjuring. 2


1

To enable them to judge in cases concerning witchcraft (See Peirush Yonasan).

2

See Na'ar Yonasan.

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