hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah juxtapose the Parshah of Nega'im beside that of Yoledes?

1.

Moshav Zekenim (12:8) #1: If one is not careful [to observe] the laws of Yoledes and Nidah 1 (which was mentioned with Yoledes), he brings on his children Tzara'as, "B'Or Besaro" is a compound noun; Besaro refers to children. 2 Seforno - Nega'im generally result when the [father's] Zera was not purified from the blood of Nidus (i.e. they had relations when she was Nidah). 3

2.

Moshav Zekenim (12:8) #2: Nega'im is written next to Korbanos [Yoledes], to teach that if one deceives the Kohen (and asks him to offer a Chatas for Bi'as Nidah b'Shogeg, and really, he was Mezid), his children will be Metzora'im, to publicize his sin. "[Al Titen Es Picha Lachati Es Besarecha] vAl Tomar Lifnei ha'Mal'ach Ki Shegagah Hi" (Koheles 5:5), Kohanim are called angels - "Sifsei Chohen


1

Moshav Zekenim: If a Nidah has Bi'ah with her husband, her children will be stricken with Tzara'as for 20 generations; one who is not careful about this, in the end he will be get Tzara'as. Tanchuma (Metzora 1) - if one has Bi'ah on the first day of Nidah, the child will be a Metzora for 10 years; on the second day, 20 years

2)

What are Se'es, Sapachas and Baheres"?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: They are three different categories of Nega'im, one whiter than the other. 1

2.

Rashbam (from Shavu'os, 6b): Sapachas is a secondary appearance. Se'es and Baheres are primary appearances; each has a secondary appearance.

3.

Hadar Zekenim: According to simple meaning, Se'es and Sapachas are Avos 2 (primary appearances).


1

Refer to 13:2:3:2. Seforno - all of these have no connection with most forms of leprosy, which are blackish or reddish and not subject to Tum'ah.

2

He does not argue with Nega'im 1:1, which says that Se'es and Baheres, just he says that according to Peshat, it would seem different.

3)

What are the appearances of Se'es, Sapachas and Baheres?

1.

Rashbam: Baheres 1 is whiter than Se'es, so it appears deeper on the skin than it. 2

2.

Nega'im 1:1: Baheres is as bright as snow; its secondary appearance is like the lime of the Heichal. Chachamim say, Se'es is as white as wool; its secondary appearance is like an egg shell. R. Meir reverses the last two.


1

Which literally means 'shiny'.

2

Which in turn, explains the word 'Se'es', which is so-called - because it appears higher than the Baheres (Rashbam).

4)

What does the Torah mean when it writes "v'Huva el Aharon ha'Kohen ... "?

1.

Seforno: 'He will be brought' (the Huf'al) indicates that the person comes to a place for something to be done to him, 1 as opposed to where he goes to do something, where the Torah writes 'he will come' (in the Kal). 2


1

See for example, Shemos 21:6, Bamidbar 5:15 (Seforno).

2

Like we find in Devarim 25:1 and in Shemos 22:7, 8 (Ibid.)

5)

Why did Hashem require Kohanim to rule about Tzara'as?

1.

Seforno #1 (5): It is a Gezeiras ha'Kasuv that the Tum'ah and Taharah of Nega'im are placed under the jurisdiction of the Kohen, 1 who will teach the Metzora to do Teshuvah on his sins and to pray, as well as praying on his behalf. 2

2.

Seforno #2 (5): Since the Kohanim were placed in charge of Nega'im, they would master the various appearances and be able to distinguish between one Nega and another.


1

Irrespective of the fact that there are Talmidei-Chachamim more knowledgeable than him.

2

As the Pasuk indicates in Mal'achi, 2:7.

6)

What does the Torah mean when it writes "ve'Huva el Aharon ha'Kohen ... "?

1.

Seforno: 'He will be brought' (the Hof'al) indicates that the person comes to a place for something to be done to him, 1 as opposed to where he goes to do something, where the Torah writes 'he will come' (in the Kal). 2


1

See for example, Shemos 21:6 & Bamidbar 5:15 (Seforno).

2

Like we find in Devarim 25:1 and in Shemos 22:7 & 8 (Ibid.)

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