hebrew
1)

Seeing as in order to be Tahor, the Tzara'as needs to spread over the entire body, what does "Eis Kol Or ha'Nega" mean?

1.

Ramban: The Pasuk means that the Tzara'as covers the area that was initially stricken plus the rest of the body from head to foot - from which we can extrapolate that if the initial area that was stricken turns into a Bohak 1 or heals completely, the Nagu'a is Tamei.


1

A Tahor plague (See Pasuk 39).

2)

Why does the Torah add "le'Chol Mar'eh Einei ha'Kohen"?

1.

Rashi: To preclude a Kohen with impaired eyesight from examining Nega'im.

2.

Chizkuni (from Toras Kohanim): This excludes covered parts of the body (e.g. the underarm). A Mishnah (2:4) explains how people pose for inspection; we are not concerned for what cannot be seen in this position.

3)

When Tzara'as spreads over the entire body, why is he Tahor?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: When the Nega spreads, it does not enter the flesh deeply. When it does not spread over the entire body, it consumes and descends. 1

2.

Moshav Zekenim: One whose entire body is covered with Tzara'as, everyone knows this, and he need not announce; he is Tahor. (People do not see under his clothes, only exposed areas. Also one whose face and hands are covered with Tzara'as, everyone knows this! - PF)

3.

Nothing can be totally Tamei. (Heard from R. Aharon Lopiansky.)


1

Seemingly, also if it spreads over most of the body, it should not enter deeply! (PF)

4)

A Mishnah (2:4) explains how women pose to enable inspection of underarms, Beis ha'Ervah and under the breast. How may a Kohen see these?

1.

Perhaps a woman expert in Nega'im sees, and tells the Kohen what to say. The Rambam (Hilchos Tum'as Tzara'as 9:2) says that if a Kohen does not know, a Chacham sees and tells the Kohen to say 'Tahor' or 'Tamei'. (PF)

2.

Tiferes Yisrael (2:4:24): Only the Nega is exposed; the rest of her body is covered. 1 We do not say 'since he is engaged in his work, he will not come to Hirhur' (Avodah Zarah 20b), for here he does not do an action; he merely looks.

3.

We can use a boy 2 below nine years; there is no concern lest Hirhurim bring him to Tum'ah. (PF) Griz (Nazir 57b DH Tosfos) allows a minor Kohen may see Nega'im.


1

Perush ha'Mishnayos says 'she is naked'; perhaps he means that the area being inspected is bare, i.e. we do not cover it with a very fine see-through cloth. Tiferes Yisrael (3:1:4) holds that also the Kohen must see the Nega, like Rashi and Tosfos (Erchin 3a), unlike the Rambam (refer to 13:12:152:1). However, if the Tzara'as spread to her entire body, the Kohen must see everything to be Metaher! (PF) Mordechai (Yevamos 12:58) brings opinions about whether or not men may check Simanei Gadlus in girls.

2

Even though R. Meir (Nidah 50a) equates Nega'im to monetary laws, and one opinion (in Tosfos 50a DH Kol) holds that women can judge, Minchas Chinuch (169:13) and Ezras Kohanim (on Toras Kohanim, Tosfos ha'Azarah 1:11) say that a Kohenes cannot rule about Nega'im. I did not see anyone disagree. (PF)

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