hebrew
1)

Why does the Pasuk say "Ki Ani Hashem Elokeichem" before commanding Yisrael to be holy?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: The Pasuk means that Yisrael should follow in the footsteps of Hashem 1 and be holy, 2 just as He is holy. 3

2.

Hadar Zakeinim (24): "Ki Kadosh Ani" - if one is holy, it is proper that His servants be holy. Da'as Zekenim (45) - this is like the Piyut says, 'Na'eh li'Kadosh Pe'er mi'Kedoshim.'


1

In keeping with the Mitzvah to go in the ways of Hashem ("v'Halachta bi'Derachav" - Devarim 28:9 - See Shabbos, 133b).

2

Holiness is synonymous with eternity (See Seforno).

3

See Ramban at the beginning of Kedoshim.

2)

Why does the Torah repeat "Vi'heyisem Kedoshim"?

1.

Rashi: The Pasuk is saying that if you comply and live with Kedushah, then Hashem will sanctify you in Heaven and in the World to Come. 1

2.

Moshav Zekenim #1: Angels are called "Kadishim"; they have no Yetzer ha'Ra. People have a Yetzer ha'Ra, so Hashem added a second Kedushah for them.

3.

Moshav Zekenim #2: A parable for this is a king whose nation made three crowns for him. He put one on his head, and put two on his sons' heads. The angels crown Hashem with three Kedushos, and He put one on His head, and two on the heads of Yisrael.


1

Yuma 39a: If one is Mekadesh himself a little, [Shamayim] is Mekadesh him a lot. If he is Mekadesh himself below, they are Mekadesh him above, If he is Mekadesh himself in this world, they are Mekadesh him in the world to come. Lev Eliyahu (Shemos p.64) - one who fulfills the Torah amidst poverty (of understanding, yet he fulfills properly), in the end he will fulfill amidst wealth (Avos 4:9). I.e. Hashem will give to him great understanding.

3)

Why, in the current Pesukim, does the Torah issue a number of La'avin with regard to eating Sheratzim?

1.

Rashi: To render someone who eats them Chayav a number of La'avin, depending on the type of Sheretz. 1


1

As the Gemara states in Makos, 16b 'Someone who eats a Putisa (a water-insect), is subject to four Malkiyos, an ant, five, and a hornet, six (Rashi).

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