hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Mafreses Parsah?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that its sole (hoof) is split into two.

2.

Rashbam: It means that its hoof consists of one nail. 1


1

And is not divided into nailed claws like the sole of a hare and a rabbit (Rashbam).

2)

What is the meaning of "Shosa'as Shesa?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that it is completely split from top to bottom. 1

2.

Rashbam: Its hoof is divided into two. 2


1

Unlike those species that are split on top bur joined at the bottom (Rashi).

2

As opposed to the hoofs of a horse and a donkey which are whole (Rashbam).

3)

Why does the Torah add the word "ba'Beheimah"?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that a fetus that one finds inside a slaughtered animal is permitted.

4)

What is the meaning of "Ma'alas Geirah"?

1.

Rashi: It means that the animal sucks up its food (cud) from the stomach into its mouth. 1


1

Rashi: Presumably cud is called "Geirah", because it is drawn into its mouth (as in Shmuel 2, 14:14). Moshav Zekenim, citing R. Eliezer of Garmaiza - the Simanim allude to Yisrael."Perasos" hints to two Perasos (rewards), in this world and the world to come. Chewing the cud hints to after eating Peros [of Mitzvos] in this world, the principal is intact for the world to come. Nations are compared to the pig. "Geirah Yo Yigar" (verse 7) - they eat in this world, and have no share in the world to come.

5)

Why does it add the words "osah Tocheilu"?

1.

Rashi and Ramban #1 (citing the Toras Kohanim): It comes to add an Asei to the Lo Sa'aseh against eating animals that do not possess the two above-mentioned Simanim.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing Rambam): It comes to prohibit human flesh. 1


1

"Osah Tocheilu", 'v'Lo Adam' (See Ramban, who disagrees with the Rambam and who elaborates at length on the issue).

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