hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah refer to non-Kosher fish as "Sheketz" (abominable)?

1.

Rashi: To render Asur a mixture containing them if they add taste. 1

2.

Seforno (Pasuk 2): The Torah refers to the species that contaminate the soul but not the body 2 as Sheketz. 3

3.

Targum Yonasan: To include the juice and the brine of non-Kasher fish in the Isur.


1

If they constitute more than one in sixty. See also Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Incorporating non-Kasher species of fish (Pasuk 11 & 12), birds (Pasuk 13 & 20), locusts (Pasuk 23) and rodents (Pasuk 41).

3

Since all of these are not subject to Tum'ah (Seforno).

2)

Why does the Torah write specifically "mi'Besaram"?

1.

Rashi: To preclude the fins and the bones from the prohibition.

3)

And what is the extra word "Teshakeitzu" coming to teach us?

1.

Rashi and Ramban: It teaches us that Yavchushin (gnats 1 [Rashi]) that have been sifted 2 are included in the prohibition.

2.

Targum Yonasan: It comes to place an Isur Hana'ah on Sheratzim. 3


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

The Ramban maintains that 'Yavchushin' are not gnats

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