hebrew
1)

To whom was this Parshah said?

1.

Rashi: It was said to Moshe to pass on to Aharon. 1

2.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: It was said to Moshe and Aharon. 2


1

Refer to 1:1:7:1.

2

This is unlike Rashi brought from Sifra! Refer to 1:1:7:1.

2)

To whom does "Aleihem" refer?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: It refers to Aharon's sons.

2.

Rashbam: It is to Moshe and Aharon. This proves that every "va'Ydaber Hashem El Moshe Leimor", Leimor means to Moshe.

3.

Moshav Zekenim citing R. Yehudah ha'Chasid: Tell hunters who recognize these species 1 to trap them and show them to Yisrael. If not, how will Yisrael, in the Midbar, know them? Peres and Ozniyah (among the Tamei birds) are not frequent in settled areas (Chulin 63a). Hashem showed each species to Moshe, but how will Yisrael recognize them, if hunters do not show them to them?


1

Rashi (2) says that Moshe took each and every species of animal, fish, bird and vermin. The Ramban (Bereishis 6:19) says that there are a multitude of species, and without a miracle, 10 arks (with a total volume of over 3,000,000 cubic Amos) would not contain them and the food needed for a year. And every [of the thousands of] land species has a counterpart in the sea, except for a weasel (Chulin 127a)! It would take a very long time to catch every species! Why should the hunters miss learning from Moshe this entire time?! We must say that miraculously, they caught everything quickly; even so, Moshe sent hunters, to minimize the miracle. Or, R. Yehudah ha'Chasid holds that Moshe showed to Yisrael only the Sheratzim and the Tamei birds. We know that only these are Temei'im, and there are Simanim for animals and fish. (PF)

3)

Bearing in mind that the Torah repeats the word "Leimor" in the following Pasuk, what does "Leimor" here refer to?

1.

Targum Yonasan: It is a warning that (a) Yisrael should eat their food b'Taharah and (b) they should not eat the 18 T'reifos. 1


1

Listed in the Mishnah in Chulin, 3:1.

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