hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah insert the Parshah of wine here?

1.

Seforno: Refer to 10:1:1:2*.

2)

What is the meaning of "Yayin ve'Sheichar Al Teisht"?

1.

Rashi and Ramban #1: It means that a Kohen may not drink wine in a manner that intoxicates 1 before performing the Avodah.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing Rambam): It means wine and beer (incorporating all intoxicating drinks).


1

See Ramban.

3)

The Pasuk only prohibits drinking wine before entering the Heichal. What if he drinks wine before approaching the Mizbe'ach in the Azarah?

1.

Rashi and Ramban (citing the Toras Kohanim): We learn it from washing one's hands and feet, 1 where the Torah places on a par approaching the Mizbe'ach to entering the Heichal; the same applies here.


1

With a Gezeirah Shavah 'Bi'as Ohel Mo'ed' from 'Bi'as Ohel Mo'ed' (Rashi).

4)

What exactly does the Isur of entering the Ohel Mo'ed or approaching the Mizbe'ach entail?

1.

Ramban (citing the Toras Kohanim): The warning 1 only applies if the Kohen performs the Avodah after having drunk wine. 2


1

Though according to the Rambam, it is only the Chiyuv Misah that requires performing the Avodah; the La'av applies even the moment the Kohen approaches the Mizbe'ach or enters the Heichal (Ramban).

2

Based on the Gezeirah Shavah from washing hands and feet (Refer to 10:9:3:1 [See Ramban]). And the same applies to the prohibition against entering the Ohel Mo'ed without having washed their feet or not wearing the Bigdei Kehunah (Ramban).

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