hebrew
1)

Having mentioned the pieces, why does the Torah see fit to mentions the head independently?

1.

Rashi #1: To incorporate it in the burning. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (Chulin, 90a): To teach to bring it on the Mizbe'ach whole.

3.

Moshav Zekenim: Since both Simanim were cut during Shechitah, [even if it is attached] it is as if it is detached. It is not flayed, for a verse teaches that it is offered with the wool on it, or a goat's beard. Since the Torah needed to include it, this teaches that it is severed from the body. From this we infer that Shechitah is at the neck (Chulin 27a) 2 .


1

Because, having already been severed, it was not included in the cutting into pieces (in Pasuk 6 [Rashi]).

2

If so, we should say that Shechitah must sever the head! Above, the Sugya learned from "v'Shachat" that one need not do so. (PF)

2)

What exactly is the 'Peder'?

1.

Ramban #1 (citing Targum Onkelos and other commentaries) and Rashbam: It is [all] the Chelev (intestinal fats) 1 .

2.

Ramban #2 and Targum Yonasan: It is the thin layer of fat 2 that divides between the upper and lower innards. Peder is like Pered (divides).


1

Ramban: So-called because it is separated from the meat. Peder is like Pered.

2

Which rendered it ideal to cover the 'Beis-ha'Shechitah (See 1:8:3:1 [Ramban]).

3)

Why is the Peder mentioned separately?

1.

Rashi and Ramban: Because its function was to cover the Beis-ha'Shechitah. 1


1

Out of respect for Hashem

4)

What is the Torah see fit to add "asher al ha'Mizbe'ach"?

1.

Rashi: To teach that the logs of wood may not protrude from the Ma'arachah.

5)

The Kohen must stand on the Mizbe'ach [in order to arrange the wood, according to the opinion that] it was 10 Amos tall. It was covered with copper. If metal is hot due to the fire, all is hot; his feet would be scalded!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Fire of Shamayim does not jump to and fro; it is only where it is needed. We find that the burning bush was not consumed. 1 Even though we must also bring human fire, the Torah did not command to harm oneself (also the human fire will not damage).


1

This explains the answer of R. Eliezer and R. Yehoshua (Yerushalmi Chagigah 2:1). Avuyah exclaimed to them, 'did you come to burn my house?!' They answered, we were engaging in Torah

6)

Which wood may be used for the Ma'arachah?

1.

Tamid 29b: Any wood may be used, except for olivewood or grapevines. 1


1

Moshav Zekenim: Their Peros go on the Mizbe'ach (wine, and oil in Menachos), so they save their 'fathers' from the fire. From here we say that a [righteous] son saves his father from Gehinom, like Avraham saved Terach.

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