hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah use the expression "Vayichbad Leiv Par'oh" here?

1.

Seforno: Despite the fact that not one animal of Yisrael died was a phenomenon that belied the imagination, 1 Par'oh exerted himself to overlook the consequences and refuse. 2

2.

Hadar Zekenim: After the first five Makos, Par'oh did not willingly detain Yisrael. Hashem forced him in order to show His capability.


1

As is borne out by his need to send spies to check whether any of Yisrael's animals had died.

2

Refer to 8:11:2:1.

2)

Why specifically here did Par'oh check out whether any of the animals of Yisrael had died and not earlier?

1.

Because whereas there was no way of checking regarding the previous plagues, it was possible to check the animals to see whether any of them had died. 1


1

See also Oznayim la'Torah.

3)

Why does it say that nothing died from Yisrael's flock "Ad Echad"?

1.

Malbim: One animal died, of a man born to a Yisre'eilis from an Egyptian. The Torah considers him to be an Egyptian, but Par'oh thought 1 that he was a Yisrael. Therefore, he hardened his heart.


1

The Pesikta says that that man was the Mekalel (See Vayikra 24:10).

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