hebrew
1)

Why did Hashem not add "Hinei Yotzei ha'Maymah like He did by the plague of frogs?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Because the boils had not yet had a chance to heal, and a person with boils is not able to

2)

What did Hashem mean when He said that, this time, He would send all His plagues against the heart of Par'oh ... ?

1.

Rashi: He was referring to Makas Bechoros, 1 which was equal to all the plagues.

2.

Seforno: The third group of Makos (that struck the air, refer to 7:26:1:2**) that was about to begin, would strike him in the heart (they would hit harder than the first two groups) 2 inasmuch as the Egyptians suffered the consequences long after the termination of the plagues - with regard to the devastation of all plants and food, and the physical illnesses in which they resulted. 3

3.

Rashbam: He said it with reference to the plague of hail, which incorporated fire, hail, gigantic hailstones, sulfur, snow and a pillar of smoke.

4.

Kol Eliyahu: Hashem punishes evildoers via three agents - fire, wind and water. 4 And the Makah of Barad comprised all three - water (the hail itself); fire (See Pasuk 24) and wind (which produced the thunder mentioned in Pasuk 23).

5.

Moshav Zekenim: Hashem meant that later He would send all His plagues


1

Moshav Zekenim: Rashi is referring, not to the slaying of the firstborn (which was not about to take place yet), but to the Makah of hail. The text should read 'Makas Bechiros', an expression of Bikurim, because it was confined to those crops that had already ripened (see Pasuk 31). It was the harshest, for [it led to] death through starvation, which is worse than through the sword (Eichah 4:9. Hadar Zekenim: Others say that the text should say Makas Betzores. See also Sifsei Chachamim, who elaborates.

2

Oznayin la'Torah

3)

What is the significance of the phrase "Ba'avur Teida ki Ein Kamoni be'Chol ha'Aretz!"?

1.

Ramban: Refer to 8:18:2:1*.

2.

Seforno: When Par'oh would see Hashem's mastery over the atmosphere that surrounds the earth, he would be forced to acknowledge His superiority. 1

3.

Targum Yonasan: The plague of Barad left no room for doubt that the plagues were sent by Hashem and were not the work of any form of sorcery. 2


1

Seforno: And as for His Mastery over the Heavens, that He reserved for K'ri'as Yam-Suf, when He would engage the Angel of G-d, the Pillar of Cloud and the Pillar of Fire.

2

Na'ar Yonasan: Either because the fire and the ice joined forces ro punish Par'oh, or because it came down from the sky

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