hebrew
1)

What exactly, was the plague of Arov?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: It comprised a mixture 1 of wild animals, including snakes and scorpions, which killed the Egyptians.

2.

Rashbam: It was a mixture of species of wolves, which generally attack in packs at nighttime. 2


1

From the word 'Ta'aroves' (a mixture),

2

From the word 'Erev' (evening).

2)

What is the significance of the phrase "and also the ground upon which they are"?

1.

Seforno: This means that the ground upon which the houses stand will be filled with snakes and wild creatures that dwell underground. 1

2.

Divrei Eliyahu, Kol Eliyahu: This hints at the Yid'oni, a ferocious beast attached to the ground by means of a sort of umbilical cord. It too, appeared in Egypt, together with the earth to which it was attached. 2


1

So that they were not secure even in a locked house at nighttime (Seforno).

2

For it cannot live if it is disconnected from the ground (see Kil'ayim, 8:5).

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