hebrew
1)

What is the definition of a Mofeis?

1.

Refer to 7:3:3:1-5.

2)

What is the definition of "Tanin"?

1.

Rashi: "Tanin" is a snake (or a viper


1

Sifsei Chachamim: On land, and a sea-serpent (a crocodile) in the sea. See Bereishis, 1:21. Also refer to 7:9:4:1**.

2

Refer to 7:9:4:4**. See Oznayim la'Torah as to why Par'oh is compared specifically to a sea-creature

3)

Whose staff did Hashem instruct Aharon to take?

1.

Ibn Ezra: Aharon's staff and that of Moshe 1 are one and the same. 2

2.

Ha'amek Davar (citing other Midrashim) 3 : It was Aharon's staff that turned into a crocodile, and Moshe's, that turned into a snake. 4


1

Despite the fact that the Torah refers to it as the staff of Aharon.

2

See also Ba'al ha'Turim on Pasuk 12.

3

Oznayim la'Torah: This is also the opinion of the Zohar.

4

See also Oznayim la'Torah on Pasuk 10.

4)

Why did the staff turn specifically into a snake?

1.

Targum Yonasan: It was a prediction that the whole world were destined to hear the cries of the Egyptians when Hashem would break them, just as the whole world heard the screams of the snake (in Gan Eden) when Hashem cut off its hands and legs.

2.

Da'as Zekeinim: Because Par'oh was vain, and therefore became known as 'the great Tanin'; and because, just as a snake twists and turns as it moves along, so too, did Par'oh twist and turn. 1

3.

Rosh (in 6:3): Par'oh is called a snake - "ha'Tanin ha'Gadol." 'You made yourself like a snake, and swallowed twelve Matos (tribes) - you will eventually expel them, and I will return you to Tohu va'Vohu (nothingness).

4.

Oznayim la'Torah: It was Moshe's staff that turned into a crocodile (a sea-serpent), which is the translation of 'Tanin'


1

See also Chizkuni and Ba'al ha'Turim.

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