hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the words "Vayifen Par'oh ... "?

1.

Targum Yonasan It means that Par'oh defecated 1 and went home.

2.

Oznayim la'Torah: When Par'oh saw the devastation 2 that Makas Dam caused in front of his eyes, overcome with fear that he might be unable to resist any longer and capitulate


1

Out of fear. See Na'ar Yonasan.

2

Refer to 7:23:1.1:1**.

3

Perhaps he also felt embarrassed to stand in front of Moshe and Aharon stripped of all his Kavod and self-respect (EC).

2)

What are the implications of "Gam la'Zos"?

1.

Rashi, Ramban #1 and Rashbam: Par'oh took no notice either of the miracle of the staff 1 or of that of the water. 2

2.

Ramban #2: He took notice neither of the sign of the staff nor even of the plague of the water turning into blood - which ought to have served as a warning that Hashem had now begun to strike him.

3.

Seforno: He was not even impressed by the fact that his magicians were unable to perform what Moshe and Aharon had performed. 3


1

Rashbam: Where he had already hardened his heart.

2

See also Rashbam, Pasuk 28. The Oznayim la'Torah explains that, as opposed to the miracle of the staff, which

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