hebrew
1)

How did Par'oh know Moshe and Aharon's names?

1.

Ramban: He asked them their names, and addressed with respect.

2)

Whom was Par'oh referring to when said ''L'chu le'Sivloseichem"?

1.

Rashi, Ramban #1 and Rashbam: He meant that they should return home to indulge in their personal work. 1 Shevet Levi was not enslaved.

2.

Ramban #2: Since they came to him accompanied by all the people, Par'oh simply rejected their request and dismissed them all, ordering the people to go back to the heavy work 2 that they were doing for him. 3

3.

Ramban #3 citing the Ibn Ezra): Par'oh was telling Moshe, who represented the people) to order them to go back to work.


1

Rashbam: He meant that they should neither be idle from their personal work nor should they cause others to be idle from his (Par'oh's) work. Refer to 5:4:3:1, and see also Ramban DH 've'Rashi Piresh'.

2

Oznayim la'Torah: Interestingly, Par'oh himself described their work as 'Sivlos', and not just Avodah.

3

Later Moshe and Aharon returned alone (See Va'eira, Sh'mos 7:10), and Par'oh treated them with more respect. See Ramban.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

3)

Rashi writes that Shevet Levi was not enslaved. What is the reason?

1.

Ramban: It was customary for every nation to designate their sages to teach the people their laws and customs. Consequently, Par'oh exempted the tribe of Levi (by Divine design) from the slavery.

2.

Hadar Zekenim (Shemos 1:13, 1): When Par'oh enticed Yisrael to work for pay (refer to 1:13:1:3 and note), Shevet Levi refused, 1 for they knew that they will carry the Aron Kodesh.

3.

Hadar Zekenim (Shemos 1:13, 2): Par'oh did not enslave them, for he saw that Yakov, Ish ha'Elokim, did not burden Levi to carry his coffin. 2


1

Da'as Zekenim: They said 'we do not know how to make bricks.' After that, Par'oh had no claim against them.

2

Hadar Zekenim: Although Yosef, too, did not carry the coffin, that was because he was king. Now, he was not king.

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