hebrew
1)

Why did Moshe refer to Hashem as 'Elokei ha'Ivrim'?

1.

Ramban: After Pharaoh informed Moshe that he does not believe in the Name Havayah, Moshe told him that Elokei ha'Ivrim 1 had instructed them to sacrifice to Him.


1

The equivalent of Keil Shakai (as Hashem was known to the Avos), whom Pharaoh (who was an extremely wise man) did acknowledge (See Mikeitz, Bereishis 41:39), ordered them to bring sacrifices to Him. Indeed, Moshe had already mentioned this Name to Pharaoh (See above, Shemos 3:18 [Ramban]).

2)

Why did Moshe say to Pharaoh "Pen Yifga'einu and not 'Pen Yifga'echa'?

1.

Rashi: Since the word refers to the death of the person concerned, it would not have been respectful to say it directly on Pharaoh.

2.

Ramban #1 (citing the Ibn Ezra) 1 and Seforno: Moshe was warning Pharaoh that, if he refuses to let Yisrael go and worship Hashem, Hashem would punish both him,all Egypt and Yisrael. 2

3.

Ramban #2: Hashem ordered Yisrael to bring sacrifices to Him because the Midas ha'Din was stacked against them and Korbanos have the power to protect against the Midas ha'Din. 3


1

See Ramban's refutation of this explanation.

2

Moshe was actually responding to both of Pharaoh's previous statements (Refer to 5:2:2:1); a. 'Hashem' is the G-d of the Ivrim, who follow the teachings of Eiver (Shem's grandson); and b. Pharaoh would be well-advised to obey Him ... (Seforno).

3

Ramban: Like we find by Bil'am and Balak (See Bamidbar 23:4).

3)

Why did they say that they must go away in order to offer to Hashem?

1.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Riva: If we would sacrifice the deity of Egypt [in front of them, they would stone us].

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