Why did Moshe refer to Hashem as 'Elokei ha'Ivrim'?


Ramban: After Pharaoh informed Moshe that he does not believe in the Name Havayah, Moshe told him that Elokei ha'Ivrim 1 had instructed them to sacrifice to Him.


The equivalent of Keil Shakai (as Hashem was known to the Avos), whom Pharaoh (who was an extremely wise man) did acknowledge (See Mikeitz, Bereishis 41:39), ordered them to bring sacrifices to Him. Indeed, Moshe had already mentioned this Name to Pharaoh (See above, Shemos 3:18 [Ramban]).


Why did Moshe say to Pharaoh "Pen Yifga'einu and not 'Pen Yifga'echa'?


Rashi: Since the word refers to the death of the person concerned, it would not have been respectful to say it directly on Pharaoh.


Ramban #1 (citing the Ibn Ezra) 1 and Seforno: Moshe was warning Pharaoh that, if he refuses to let Yisrael go and worship Hashem, Hashem would punish both him,all Egypt and Yisrael. 2


Ramban #2: Hashem ordered Yisrael to bring sacrifices to Him because the Midas ha'Din was stacked against them and Korbanos have the power to protect against the Midas ha'Din. 3


See Ramban's refutation of this explanation.


Moshe was actually responding to both of Pharaoh's previous statements (Refer to 5:2:2:1); a. 'Hashem' is the G-d of the Ivrim, who follow the teachings of Eiver (Shem's grandson); and b. Pharaoh would be well-advised to obey Him ... (Seforno).


Ramban: Like we find by Bil'am and Balak (See Bamidbar 23:4).


What is "v'Hu Yada" coming to teach us?


Rashi (Shabbos, 2b) and Rashbam: It teaches us that after forgetting the Tum'ah (or Kodesh or Mikdash), he remembers it. 1


Since one is only Chayav a Korban on a case of Yada, Ne'elam ve'Yada (Refer to 5:3:4:1).


Why does repeat the phrase ve'Ne'elam mimenu"?


To teach us that he initially knew that he was Tamei (and that he was eating Kodesh or entering the Mikdash) and then forgot. 1


Rashi #2 (Shabbos, 2b): This time it comes to include one who forgot that he is in the Beis-ha'Mikdash or that what he is eating is Kodesh.


Refer to 5:3:3:1.


Why did they say that they must go away in order to offer to Hashem?


Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Riva: If we would sacrifice the deity of Egypt [in front of them, they would stone us].

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