hebrew
1)

Why is there a 'Yud' missing from the word "Nes'iim"?

1.

Rashi: When it came to donating for the Mishkan, the princes decided to wait until everybody had given their donations, and to fill in whatever was still needed. However, when it came to the crunch, what the people gave was more than enough, and in the end, they brought the precious stones for the Choshen and the Eifod. 1 And it is because of the Nesi'im's laziness 2 that the Yud is missing from their name. 3

2.

Targum Yonasan: Because it was the Clouds (of Glory) 4 that brought them from the River Pishon 5 and deposited it in the desert.


1

Which the Clouds (of Glory) brought from the River Pishon for the princes to collect (Refer to 35:27:1:2 [Targum Yonasan]).

2

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

3

See Sifsei Chachamim (citing R. Bachye). However, they learned their lesson however when it came to the inauguration of the Mishkan , when they were quick to bring their beautiful gifts.

4

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

5

As well as the fragrant spices, the olive oil and pure balsam oil (for the Besamim, the Menorah and the anointing oil, respectively) from Gan Eden (Targum Yonasan).

2)

Why did the princes donate specifically the Avnei Shoham (the onyx stones) for the Eifod and the Avnei Milu'im (the filling stones) for the Choshen?

1.

Rashi: Refer to 35:27:1:1*.

2.

Rashbam: They brought the former because the names of the tribes were written (engraved) on them.

3.

Tosfos (Hadar Zekeinim): They brought the Avnei Shoham between them, and each prince brought the stone that was designated for his tribe and wrote (engraved) the name of his tribe on it.

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