What are the ramifications of the phrase "ve'ha'Luchos Ma'aseh Elokim heimah"?
Rashi #1 and Rashbam: It means literally, that Hashem actually manufactured the Luchos 'with His own Hands' (Kevayachol). 1
Rashi #2: It is a metaphor - Like one says about a person that he is immersed exclusively in his work, so too, Hashem delights solely in the Torah. 2
Moshav Zekenim: They were from the six days of Creation, black fire on white fire. The Torah existed 2000 years before creation.
What are the ramifications of the phrase "ve'haMichtav Michtav Elokim Hu"?
Presumably, it pertains to the miraculous final 'Mem' and 'Samech' in the Luchos. The letters were carved out, and the inside stood in thin air without falling. 1 (EC)
Refer to 31:18:151:1.
In keeping with the Mishnah in Avos, 5:6, which lists "ha'Michtav" among the things that were created Erev Shabbos Bein ha'Shemashos (See Tiferes Yisrael).
What are the connotations of the words "Charus al ha'Luchos"?
Da'as Zekenim #1 (citing Eruvin, 54a): Had the first Luchos not been broken, Yisrael would never have forgotten their learning.
Da'as Zekenim #2 (citing Eruvin, 54a): Had the first Luchos not been broken, Yisrael would have been invincible. 'Do not read "Charus" rather, 'Cheirus'.
Ramban (33:6): Had the first Luchos not been broken, Yisrael would have free of the Mal'ach ha'Ma'ves. 1
Avos 6:2: 'Do not read "Charus" but Cheirus - a person is only truly free when he studies Torah.
Why did the Torah split the description of the Luchos into two parts? Why did it not insert the current Pesukim earlier - at the end of the previous chapter?
Ramban: The Torah deliberately continues with the description of Luchos here, to point out that the unique characteristics of the Luchos did not deter Moshe, in his deep anger, from smashing them, when he witnessed the people dancing around the Golden Calf. 1
Hadar Zekenim, citing R. Yosi of Karthage: This was to show Yisrael what they lost. Had the first Luchos not been broken, no nation could rule over Yisrael.
See also K'li Yakar.