hebrew
1)

What are the ramifications of the phrase "ve'ha'Luchos Ma'aseh Elokim heimah"?

1.

Rashi #1 and Rashbam: It means literally, that Hashem actually manufactured the Luchos 'with His own Hands' (Kevayachol). 1

2.

Rashi #2: It is a metaphor - Like one says about a person that he is immersed exclusively in his work, so too, Hashem delights solely in the Torah. 2


1

As opposed to the second LUchos, which Moshe carved out (Rashbam).

2

See also Torah Temimah.

2)

What are the ramifications of the phrase "ve'haMichtav Michtav Elokim hu"?

1.

Prusumably, it pertains to the miraculous formation of the middle section of the final 'Mem' and 'Samech' in the Luchos, which were carved out and which stood in thin air without falling. 1


1

In keeping with the Mishnah in Avos, 5:6, which lists "ha'Michtav" among the things that were created Erev Shabbos Bein ha'Shemashos (See Tiferes Yisrael).

3)

And what are the connotations of the words "Charus al ha'Luchos"?

1.

Torah Temimah #1 (citing Eruvin, 54a): Had the first Luchos not been broken, Yisrael would never have forgotten their learning.

2.

Torah Temimah #2 (citing Eruvin, 54a): Had the first Luchos not been broken, Yisrael would have been invincible. 1

3.

Ramban (later, Shemos 33:6): Had the first Luchos not been broken, Yisrael would have free of the Mal'ach ha'Ma'ves. 2

4.

Torah Temimah #2 (citing Eruvin, 54a): 'Do not read "Charus" but Cheirus - A person is only truly free when he studies Torah.


1

'Do not read "Charus" but 'Cheirus' (free [Ibid.]).

2

Refer also to, 33:4:1:2.

4)

Why did the Torah split the description of the Luchos into two parts? Why did it not insert the current Pesukim earlier - at the end of the previous chapter?

1.

Ramban: The Torah deliberately continues with the description of Luchos here, to point out that the unique characteristics of the Luchos did not deter Moshe, in his deep anger, from smashing them, when he witnessed the people dancing round the Golden Calf. 1


1

See also K'li Yakar.

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