hebrew
1)

What is the corrolary between "Mos Yumas" and "ve'Nichr'sah ... "?

1.

Rashi: "Mos Yumas" if there were witnesses and warning; "ve'Nichr'sah", if there were not. 1

2.

Seforno: They are actually two additional reasons as to why building the Mishkan does not override Shabbos: 1. Because Shabbos incorpoates an Asei (Ki Kodesh Hi lachem") and a Lo Sa'aseh ("Mechalelehah Mos Yumas"); 2. Because desecrating is an excptionally severe sin inasmuch as the soul of the sinner is cut off from the world to come. 2

3.

Ramban: "ve'Nichr'sah ha'Nefesh ha'Hi me'Amehah" means that, after the Mechalel Shabbos dies, his Soul will not return to the vicinity of Hashem, where the other souls go after death. 3


1

And it is not fitting for the Asei of constructing the Mishkan to override the Asei and Lo Sa'aseh which even involves Misah (Seforno).

2

Refer also to 31:14:2:1.

3

See R' Chaval's footnotes.

2)

Why is the punishment for transgressing Shabbos so severe?

1.

Seforno: Because someone who breaks Shabbos denies the Creation, and he therefore has no portion in the Mishkan or in the One who dwells in it.

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