hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah write "ba'Boker" twice in connection with the Ketores?

1.

Pesachim, 59a: To teach us that the Ketores precedes the placing of the limbs on the Mizbe'ach, by which the Torah writes "ba'Boker" only once. 1

2.

Yerushalmi Berachos, 1:5: To give a border to the morning (of Haneitz ha'Chamah). In other words, although "Boker" generally refers to Haneitz ha'Chamah, in the realm of Korbanos, it applies to Amud ha'Shachar or therebouts. 2


1

In Pinchas, Bamidbar, 28:4.

2

Hence the Gemara says in Yoma, 37b that someone who reads the Shema with the men of the Mishmar is not Yotzei. See Torah Temimah, note 7.

2)

What are the ramifications of the fact that the Torah juxtaposes the word "be'Heitivo" to "ba'Boker ba'Boker"?

1.

Yoma, 33b: That is why the Kohanim divided the Hatavas Neiros into two parts


1

Yoma, 33b: Five - Because if the Kohen is already preparing the lights, he may as well prepare the majority; Not six

3)

What does the Torah mean when it writes "be'Heitivo es ha'Neiros Yaktirenah"? Which one came first?

1.

Yoma, 14b: The Ketores preceded the Hatavas Sh'tei Neiros, and what the Pasuk means is 'when preparing the two) lamps the Ketores shall already have been brought on the Mizbe'ach'. 1


1

Refer to 30:27:0:2:1.

4)

What does "be'Heitivo es ha'Neiros" mean?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means "when he (Aharon) prepares the lamps - by cleaning the lamp-holders and removing the burnt-out wicks (which the Kohen did each morning)".

5)

What is the definition of "Neiros"?

1.

Rashi: It means lamp-holders

6)

Why does the Pasuk state that Aharon shall burn the Ketores. Is a Kohen Gadol required?

1.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim: No! 1 There was a lottery for who will burn the Ketores (Yoma 2:4), to try to enable all Kohanim to do it at least once.

2.

Ramban #1: Because in Pasuk 10, it refers to Aharon atoning on the K'ranos of the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores on Yom Kipur, it mentions him here as well.

3.

Ramban #2: Because the Torah wants Aharon to be the first to burn the Ketores. 2


1

Da'as Zekenim: Also, all Kohanim are Kosher for the Menorah, for it says "Aharon u'Vanav", and our verse equates Ketores with the Menorah.

3 2

Ramban: And it is for the same reason that it mentions Aharon in the following Pasuk

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