hebrew
1)

Why did Hashem stop Moshe from coming any closer to the burning bush, bearing in mind that, by Matan Torah, he even entered the Arafel (the dark cloud in which the Shechinah was concealed)?

1.

Ramban: Because at this stage, he had not yet reached the high level of prophecy that he attained then. 1


1

And that also explains why, in Pasuk 6, he hid his face Ramban). Also refer to 3:2:4:1.

2)

Seeing as Moshe was far from the burning bush, why did Hashem refer to the place where he was standing as "holy ground"?

1.

Ramban: Because when the Shechinah descended into the bush (which was on top of the mountain upon which Moshe was standing 1 ), the entire mountain became sanctified. 2

2.

Michtav me'Eliyahu (2, p. 241): After you remove the shoes from your feet, i.e. the cover over your lowliness, the place that you stand on (realize your lowliness) is your Beis ha


1

And wherever the Shechinah revealed it is forbidden to wear shoes - like we find in Yehoshu'a (5:15) and the Kohanim served in the Beis-ha'Mikdash barefooted (Ramban).

2

Because, one year later he was destined to receive the Torah on the mountain, and teach it to Yisrael (Targum Yonasan).

3)

Why does the Torah write "Admas Kodesh Hu", and not "Admas Kodesh Hi"?

1.

Rashi: Because "Hu" refers to 'ha'Makom" mentioned at the beginning of the phrase.

4)

Why did Hashem say "Al Tikrav Halom"?

1.

Da'as Zekenim (verse 4), Hadar Zekenim (verse 4): Even though you said "Hineni", like Avraham, you will not merit what he merited - Kehunah, about which it says Kerivah, and kingship, about which it says "Halom."

5)

Why did Hashem tell Moshe to remove both of his shoes? He told Yehoshua to remove only one shoe!

1.

Hadar Zekenim: Yehoshua had one foot in the Kodesh. He needed to remove that shoe, and also the other, if he wanted to enter fully. Moshe stood outside; he needed to remove both in order to enter.

2.

Da'as Zekenim: The Shechinah preceded Moshe. Yehoshua acquired [the right to keep a shoe on] before the Shechinah came.

6)

Why did Yehoshua need to remove his shoe? He was not in a Kadosh place!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: An angel brings earth from a Kadosh place before the Shechinah comes. This was not needed for other prophets, who were in Eretz Yisrael after it became Kadosh.

7)

Why did Hashem need to say "remove your shoes from your feet"?

1.

Da'as Zekenim: There are shoes wore on the hand. E.g. Bo'az gave to the Goel "Ish Na'alo v'Nasan l'Re'ehu."

8)

Why does it not say that Moshe did so (removed his shoes)? Regarding Yehoshua, it says that he did so!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Moshe needed to remove his shoes only if he wanted to enter. He did not enter.

9)

רש"י: אדמת קדש הוא- המקום: מה כוונת רש"י?

1.

גור אריה: לכאורה היה צריך לכתוב 'אדמת קודש היא'? אלא 'קודש הוא- המקום'.

10)

למה צריך להוריד נעלים במקום קדוש?

1.

גור אריה (דברים 8:4): המלבוש נעשה לכבוד האדם, אבל הנעלים נעשו כדי שלא ינזק, ולכן אין ללובשם במקום קדוש.

2.

מהר"ל, נתיבות עולם (נתיב העבודה פ"ו עמ' צ"א): הרגלים הם החלק השפל שבאדם, ולכן במקום קדוש צריך להוריד את הנעלים. עיי"ש. 1


1

וע"ע במהר"ל בחידושי אגדות (ח"ג עמ' קס"א ד"ה על עסקי, סנהדרין מט א) בענין זה.

11)

למה נאמר בלשון "הלום"?

1.

מהר"ל, חידושי אגדות (ח"ד עמ' ע' ד"ה בקש, זבחים קב א): משה ביקש מלכות [כמבואר שם ש'הלום' הוא לשון מלכות 1 ] כי ה' הוא מלך 2 , ולא ניתן לו (וזהו "אל תקרב הלום" שלא יתקרב יותר מדאי וכך נמנעה ממנו המלוכה), כי רק בבא המשיח ראוי שיהיה אדם כזה בישראל- מלך ונביא על הכל. 3


1

כפי שביאר המהר"ל בחידושי אגדות (ח"א עמ' נ"א ד"ה מלכות, שבת קיג ב) ש'הלום' מתייחס ל'מקום', ו'מקום' מורה על מדרגה ומעלה, וזהו המלכות.

2

כלומר- הזכיה במלכות היא על ידי קירבת ה'.

3

עיי"ש במה רואים שמשה לא היה מלך.

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