hebrew
1)

What did Hashem mean by "the Elders of Yisrael"?

1.

Rashi: He was referring (not to old people in Yisrael, rather,) to the Chachamim. 1


1

They subsequently died by the fire of Tav'eirah (See Rashi, Beha'aloscha, Bamidbar 11:16).

2)

What is the significance of the double expression "Pakod Pakadti"?

1.

Targum Yonasan: Refer to Bereishis, 50:25:2:1.

2.

Ba'al ha'Turim: Refer to Bereishis, 50:25:2:2-4.

3)

What is the significance of "(I have remembered you and what was done to you in Egypt"?

1.

Seforno: "You" - because you are their offspring (of the Avos that Hashem just mentioned); "What was done to you in Egypt" - because I detest cruelty and violence. 1


1

Refer to 3:14:1:1.

4)

Why were Yisrael automatically bound to listen to Moshe.

1.

Rashi, Ramban (citing Midrash) and Targum Yonasan: Refer to 50:25:3:1*

5)

How did they know that Moshe was genuine, just because he said "Pakod Pakadti"? Perhaps he said it because he knew about the tradition?

1.

Ramban #1: It was a tradition handed down from Ya'akov to Yosef that the first person to use this expression will be the true redeemer, no matter what.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing a Midrash): He was a mere twelve years old when he was forced to leave home, 1 so he could not have known of the tradition that Yosef had handed down to Levi, 2 Levi to K'has and K'has to Amram.


1

Precisely in order that he should not know the secret, because had he remained at home, they would not have believed him (Ramban).

2

Instructing him that it should remain a secret.

6)

פקוד פקדתי: למה בלשון זו נגאלו? ולמה בכפל לשון?

1.

עי' מה שנתבאר לקמן (3:18) בדברי רש"י.

7)

מה הכפילות של "פקדתי אתכם ואת העשוי לכם"?

1.

מהר"ל, חידושי אגדות (ח"ד עמ' קי"א ד"ה דרש, חולין צב א): "פקדתי אתכם"- לגאול את ישראל, "ואת העשוי לכם"- להפרע ממצרים. 1


1

והוסיף שם המהר"ל שכך מזכיר בכל מקום את גאולת ישראל ופורענות מצרים ביחד.

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