What are the implicaations of the word "Ya'aroch Oso me'Erev ad Boker"
Pesachim, 59a: It implies "Oso", 'me'Erev ad Boker', ve'Ein Davar Acher 'me'Erev ad Boker'
With the exception of the Korban Pesach
What are the connotations of "me'Erev ad Boker"?
Rashi: The Kohen is obligated to place enough oil each day to burn the entire night. They assessed that half a Log is needed [for each Ner] 1 for the long nights of Teives. They poured in this amount every night, even in summer. If oil was left over in the morning, it didn't matter. 2
What is "me'eis B'nei Yisrael" referring to?
Ramban: Moshe was to inform the people of the importance of the oil for the Menorah, so that whoever possessed some would donate it. 1
Why does the Pasuk say "asher Al ha'Eidus"?
Moshav Zekenim: [When Yisrael merited] in the days of Shimon ha'Tzadik, there was a miracle and the Ner Ma'aravi burned the entire day, even though it had the same amount of oil as the other lamps, which burned until morning. This was testimony [that the Shechinah rests with Yisrael].
Oznayim la'Torah: It teaches us that, besides creating light for the Kohanim, the Ner ha'Ma'aravi, which burned permanently, burned in honor of the "Eidus" (the Torah and the Luchos) on the other side of the Paroches.
QUESTIONS ON RASHI
Rashi writes that if oil was left over in the morning, it didn't matter. Why should we throw out oil from the Ner?
Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim and Rosh, all citing Riva: They using thinner wicks (which use less oil and make a smaller flame) in the winter and thicker ones in the summer, so the oil would finish in the morning. 1
Sifsei Chachamim: Refer to 27:21:1:1**.
They cite Menachos. I did not find this in Menachos, rather, Yerushalmi Yoma 2:2 alludes to this. (PF)