What is the deeper meaning of "Shochad"? Why does the Torah prohibit it?
Kesuvos, 105a: "Shochad" is the acronym of 'she'Hu Chad'
Since the Torah will warn, in Devarim (16:19), against perversion of justice, why does the Torah see fit to prohibit the taking of bribes?
Rashi: To teach us that taking bribes is forbidden even in order to judge truthfully.
Why does the Torah write "ve'Shochad Lo Sikach" and not 'u'Betza'?
Kesuvos, 135a: Because whereas 'Betza' implies money, 'Shochad' incorporates whatever one gives.
What are the ramifications of "Ki ha'Shochad Ye'aver Pikchim"?
Rashi: Irrespective of the caliber of the Dayan, once a Dayan accepts a bribe, his mind becomes warped, he forgets his learning and the light of his eyes becomes dim. 1
Targum Onkelos: It makes the wise blind. 2
Kesuvos, 105a: Come and see how effective is the blindness of those who accept bribes
The Pasuk in Shoftim, Devarim, 16:19 "Ki ha'Shochad Ye'aver Einei Chachamim, why doe th Torah insert the current Pasuk?
Mechilta: Whereas the Pasuk in Shoftim is referring to physical blindness, the current Pasuk is referring to blindness of the Seichel. 1
What is the meaning of "vi'Yesalef Divrei Tzadikim"?
Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It (Shochad) perverts the righteous words (judgments) of the Torah. 1
Mechilta: Accepting Shochad causes a Dayan to hate the righteous words that were said on Har Sinai. 2