hebrew
1)

Why is Shavu'os called "Chag ha'Katzir"?

1.

Rashi: Because that is when one harvests the new wheat-crop. 1

2.

Rashbam: Because on Shevu'os one brings the Korbanos mentioned in Emor, 23:17-20, including the Sh'tei ha'Lechem, which are the first Minchah to be brought from Chadash - the new crops.


1

Refer also to 34:22:1:1*.

2)

Since when is one permitted to harvest the crops on Shevu'os?

1.

Chagigah, 18a #1 (citing Resh Lakish): We learn from here that the Korban Chagigah may be brought on the seven days after Shevu'os ('Shiv'as Yemei Tashlumin').

2.

Chagigah, 18a #2 (citing R. Yochanan: The Pasuk is referrring to the Yom-Tov 1 that falls during the harvest season. 2


1

The word "Chag" has the dual connotations of a Yom-Tov and the Korban Chagigah.

2

See Torah Temimah, notes 103 & 104, who explains the Machlokes R. Yochanan and Resh Lakish.

3)

What is "Bikurei M'asecha" referring to?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It is referring to the Two Loaves, the first Korban that one brings to the Beis-Hamikdash on Shavu'os from the current year's wheat-harvest, together with the accompanying set of Korbanos. 1 which permit Chadash in the Beis-ha'Mikdash.


1

As the Torah writes in Vayikra 23:16-20 (Rashbam).

4)

What are the implications of "ve'Chag ha'Katzir Bikurei Ma'asecha"?

1.

Bikurim, 1:3: It implies that one may may not bring Bikurim before Shevu'os.

2.

Menachos, 84b: Based on the Gezeirah Shavah "Ma'asecha" "Ma'asecha"

5)

Why does the Torah insert the words "Asher Tizra ba'Sadeh"?

1.

Menachos, 71a: "Asher Tizra" teaches us that the Omer permits what has been planted, and "ba'Sadeh", that it permits it only afiter it has taken root.

2.

Menachos, 84b: After learning that the Sh'tei ha'Lechem precede Bikurim of the wheat harvest from a Pasuk in Ki Sisa ("ve'Chag Shavu'os Ta'aseh l'cha Bikurei K'tzir Chitim"

6)

What are the connotations of the title "Chag ha'Asif"?

1.

Rashi: Because throughout the summer, the produce is left out in the field to dry, and it is at Succos-time that it is taken into the house before the rain season begins.

2.

Rashbam: When the produce is gathered from the field to fill the granaries and wine and olive-presses - that is when we sit in the Sukah, to remind us of the time in the desert, when we lived in tents (huts) when we did not possess land, grain, wine or oil, and to thank Hashem for the fact that we have them now.

3.

Rosh Hashanah, 13a: Bearing in mind the continuation of the Pasuk "be'Osp'cha es Ma'asecha ... ", the Torah is teaching us that whaat is harvested on Sukos goes after the previous year. 1

4.

Chagigah, 18a: The Pasuk is referrring to the Yom-Tov that falls during the ingathering season. 2


1

See Torah Temimah, note 114.

2

Refer to 23:16:1.1:2

7)

Bearing in mind that Sukos takes place at the beginning of then year, what is the meaning of "be'Tzeis ha'Shanah"?

1.

Seforno: It means after the ingathering of the previous year's produce has been concluded.

8)

Why does the Torah insert the 'Hey' in "Chag ha'Katzir" and in "Chag ha'Asif" (See Re'ei, Devarim 16:10), bearing in mind that the Torah has not mentioned them before?

1.

Ramban: With reference to the Pasuk "Three times annually ... (in Pasuk 14), The Torah continues that the three Regalim should coincide with the beginning of the spring (Pesach), with when the first crops are harvested (Shavu'os) and with the in-gathering of the harvest (Sukos).

9)

What does "El P'nei ha'Adon" mean?

1.

Ramban #1, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: In means 'before the Master, Hashem'.

2.

Ramban #2 (according to Kabalah): Refer to 20:3:4:4*.

10)

Why does the Pasuk refer to Hashem here as "ha'Adon"?

1.

Ramban and Seforno: The Torah connects the Regalim with the stages of the harvesting of the crops, to teach us that one of the functions of the Yamim-Tovim and one of the reasons for Aliyas ha'Regel to visit the Beis-Hamikdash on those three occasions, is to thank Hashem, the Master of the World, for his kindness in providing us with the seasonal blessings - each one in its time. 1

2.

Rashbam: Hashem is Master of the land


1

As well as for taking us out of Egypt to freedom, since everything comes from Him (Seforno). Refer aso to 34:23:2:1*.

2

Rashbam: As the Torah writes in Ki Sisa, Sh'mos, 34:23-24.

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & DonationsReaders' FeedbackMailing ListsTalmud ArchivesAsk the KollelDafyomi WeblinksDafyomi CalendarOther Yomi calendars