hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah juxtapose "Shiv'as Yamim" to "Tishmor"?

1.

Chagigah, 18a: To teach us that Chol ha'Mo'ed is included in the Isur Melachah on Yom-Tov. 1


1

See Torah Temimah, note 97

2)

Why is Nisan called "Chodesh ha'Aviv"?

1.

Rashi #1: Nisan is the month when the grain ripens on its stalks ('be'Ivehah'. 1

2.

Rashi #2: It means father (Av), since it is the father of the months, in that it is the month whien the fruits first ripen.

3.

Seforno: Because one should make sure that Pesach always falls in the month of Aviv, 2 by declaring leap-months and leap-years when necessary. 3

4.

Torah Temimah (in Devarim 16:1, citing the Sifri): Hashem deliberately took us out of Egypt in the month of spring, the ideal month to travel, since it is neither too hot nor too cold. 4 Refer to 13:4:1:1*.


1

It is also generally translated as 'the month of spring' (Refer to 23:15:1:4).

2

See also, Devarim 16:1.

3

As the Gemara explains in Rosh Hashanah, 21a (Seforno).

4

The Torah hints at this here, when it adds "Ki Bo Yatzasa mi'Egypt". .

3)

What are the implications of "be'Mo'ed Chodesh ha'Aviv"?

1.

Mechilta: It implies that Pesach fall in the spring. Consequently, in order to ensure that it does, it is sometimes necessary to declare a leap-year.

4)

What are the connotations of "ve'Lo Yera'u Panai Reikam"?

1.

Rashi: It means that when performing the Mitzvah of Aliyas ha'Regel, one should take Olos 1 to the Beis-Hamikdash to give to Hashem. 2

2.

Oznayim la'Torah: It is to commemprate Yetzi'as Mitzrayim, where Hashem told Yisrael "Lo Seilchu Reikam"


1

Chagigah, 7a: Specifically Olos

5)

What are the implications of "Reikam"?

1.

Yerushalmi Pe'ah, 1:5: It implies that the Olas Re'iyah has no minimum Shi'ur and is Kasher irrespective of how little it costs.

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