hebrew
1)

What exactly is the La'av of "Lo Sisa Sheima Shav"?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: It is a prohibition against accepting Lashon ha'Ra (or speaking it Makos 23a). 1

2.

Rashi #2: Judges may not hear a litigant's words before his opponent arrives (and a litigant may not present his claim to a judge before his opponent arrives - Sanhedrin, 7b and Mechilta). 2

3.

Rashbam: It comes to prohibit a. the Dayanim from accepting false testimony. Rather, they must thoroughly cross-examine the witnesses, 3 and b. testifying with false witnesses, even if there are two of them and even without you, their testimony will be accepted.

4.

R. Chaim Paltiel: Do not accept a fraudulant claim.

5.

R. Bechayei: Do not accept a Shevu'ah from someone whom you fear might transgress it.

6.

Pesachim, 118a): "Lo Sisa Sheima Shav": Anyone who speaks Lashon ha'Ra, accepts Lashon ha'Ra or who testifies falsely against his fellow-Jew deserves to be thrown to the dogs.


1

Oznayim la'Torah: Although Onkelos tends to not differentiate between "Shav" and "Sheker", the word "Shav" generally refers to something that is obviously false

2)

What does the La'av of "Al Tasheis Yadcha ... " entail?

1.

Rashi (according to Divrei David 1 ): Do not promise to testify for someone who claims falsely (even if in the end, you do not testify).

2.

Seforno: It is a prohibition against combining with a Rasha to sign on a document.

3.

Yevamos 25a: It is a prohibition against testifying together with a Rasha.

4.

Sanhedrin 27a: Judges may not accept testimony of a Rasha.

5.

Mechilta #1: It refers to Reuven who says to Shimon 'Levi owes me two hundred Dinrim; and I have one witness. Come and combine with him and you and I will take one Manah each!'.

6.

Mechilta #2: Based on this Pasuk the refined people of Yerushalayim would not participate in a Seudah until they knew who would join them there and would not sign on a Get until they knew who would sign with them.

7.

Ibn Ezra: A witness may not ask someone else to testify falsely together with him.

8.

R. Chaim Paltiel: Do not accept false testimony, and say that the witnesses will bear the punishment.

9.

Bava Kam, 72b: An Eid Zomem is Pasul retroactively (from the time that he testifies)


1

Sifsei Chachamim: If a witness agreed to testify falsely for a litigant, do not join with him to be a second witness. Refer to 23:1:2:3.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 8.

3)

What is "Lih'yos Eid Chamas" coming to add?

1.

Seforno: In the event that you testify together with a Rasha, it transpires that you are a single [Kosher] witness, and Beis-Din will pervert justice by exacting money from the litigant against whom you are testifying on the basis of your testimony alone.

2.

Mechilta: What is an "Eid Chamas"? If one is asked by one's Rebbe to join a second witness to extract a Manah from the Rebbe's debtor

4)

Why is this written after the verse of Tereifah?

1.

Hadar Zekenim: One who testifies falsely deserves to be thrown to the dogs. 1


1

Like Izevel, who commanded witnesses to testify falsely about Navos (Melachim 1:21:8-10), and who was subsequently eaten by dogs (Melachim 2, 9:36).

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & DonationsReaders' FeedbackMailing ListsTalmud ArchivesAsk the KollelDafyomi WeblinksDafyomi CalendarOther Yomi calendars