hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah mention specifically a donkey, an ox or a lamb?

1.

Seforno: Because poor people commonly look after them for pay.

2.

Bava Metzi'a, 57b: To learn a K'lal u'Perat u'Kelal. Refer to 22:8:2:1.

3.

Yerushalmi Shevu'os, 6:6: We lern via a K'lal u'Perat u"Kelal that whatever is subject to 1. breakage, 2. being taken captive, 3. death, 4. K'nas and 5. Ona'ah (overcharging) is included in the Din of Shomer Sachar; to preclude Karka'os


1

See Torah Temimah, note 124.

2)

What is the significance of "Meis, Nishbar and Nishbah"?

1.

Ramban: 'It dies naturally, falls off a cliff 1 or is captured by armed bandits', respectively..

2.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: 'It dies naturally, is killed by a wild beast or is captured'.

3.

Mechilta: The Torah inserts the case of Meis (bi'Yedei Shamayim) to teach us that, like Meis, which th Shomer is helpless to prevent, Nishbar and Nishbah too he is only Patur if he could not possibly have prevented it, but Chayav if he could. 2


1

The Mechilta presents the case of "NIshbar" as 'where it is torn by a wild Chayah.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 128. who elaborates.

3)

What does "Ein Ro'eh" mean?

1.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: It means that there are no witnesses to testify. 1


1

Refer ro 22:11:3:2.

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