hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah employ the word "la'Shav" twice?

1.

Rashi citing Onkelos: They both refer to swearing by the Name of Hashem inappropriately; the first time in vain, 1 the second time, falsely. 2

2.

Ramban: The first is a prohibition against swearing in vain - to change or to uphold something that is known; 3 the second, to mentioning Hashem's Name in vain. 4

3.

Seforno: The first refers to swearing falsely, the second, to swearing in vain, even if it is true.

4.

Targum Yonasan: Both pertain to swearing in vain. 5


1

Such as swearing that a pillar of wood is made of wood, or that one of stone is made of stone (Rashi).

2

That a stone pillar is made of gold (Rashi).

3

Ramban: To swear that a marble pillar that is located in view of the person swearing is made of gold or of marble.

4

Ramban: As it falls under the heading 'Motzi Shem Shamayim le'Vatalah' (see Ramban). 'Lo Sisa' means 'Don't speak (take) upon your lips' (as in Shemos 21:1 and in Tehilim, 16:4).

5

See Na'ar Yonasan.

2)

What does "Lo Sisa" mean?

1.

Seforno: It means that one who swears falsely (refer to 20:7:1:3) is subject to a curse, for he implies 1 that Hashem too (Kevayachol) is false. We learn that he is cursed from Melachim 1:8:31.


1

Seforno: Because when someone swears by Hashem's Name, he is declaring that, just as Hashem is Emes, so is what he is saying Emes This is a blatant act of blasphemy and Chilul Hashem - as the Pasuk writes specifically in Vayikra (19:12).

3)

Why do we learn from "Ki Lo Yenakeh"?

1.

Seforno: One who swears in vain, he is displaying disrespect towards Hashem's Name - which should only be used to confirm something that cannot otherwise be confirmed. He will not be let off the hook for his display of disrespect. 1

2.

Hadar Zekenim: One who steals, he can return the theft and clean himself. One who swears falsely and desecrates Hashem's name has no way to clean himself. 2


1

Seforno: And how much more so one who swears falsely will be punished, on the Great Day of Judgment (in the World to Come [Targum Yonasan] - See Na'ar Yonasan).

2

Hadar Zekenim: This is why it says (Vayikra 19:11,12) "do not steal and deny and lie

4)

Why are "Lo Sisa", "Zachor Es Yom ha'Shabbos" and "Kabeid Es Avicha ve'Es Imecha" incorporated on the first Lu'ach?

1.

Rashbam: Because honoring Shabbos and honoring one's parents, 1 like not swearing falsely or in vain using Hashem's Name, are all connected to the Kavod of Ha'Kadosh-Baruch-Hu.

2.

Ramban: Just as it is not befitting to share Hashem's Kavod with others, 2 so too, is it befitting to ascribe Kavod to the Name of Hashem, and someone swears by it or who mentions it in vain, desecrates it. 3


1

Whose honor is placed on a par with that of Hashem, as the Torah indicates in Mishlei (3:9 [Rashbam]).

2

Refer to 20:5:1:2,3.

3

As the Torah writes in Vayikra 19:12 (Ramban). And that is why the Torah writes "Keil Kana" by the former and "Lo Yenakeh" by the latter.

5)

Why does the Torah say "Ki Lo Yenakeh" and not just "Ki Yifkod Alav"?

1.

Ramban #1: Refer to 20:7:4:2**.

2.

Ramban #2: To counter those who think that swearing in vain using Hashem's Name is not such a serious offense and is worthy of Divine Pardon.

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & Donations Readers' Feedback Mailing Lists Talmud Archives Ask the Kollel Dafyomi Weblinks Dafyomi Calendar Other Yomi calendars