hebrew
1)

What are the ramifications of the word "Koh"?

1.

Rashi: Moshe was to say the following words without change. 1


1

Rashi did not add 'in this exact order as he did above (See Shemos 19:3) - See Sifsei Chachamim.

2)

What are the ramifications of this Pasuk?

1.

Rashi: It is impossible to deny what one has seen! 1

2.

Ramban: Having seen with their own eyes what they saw and that Hashem is Master over Heaven and earth, Yisrael are prohibited from adopting or making any other gods. 2

3.

Seforno: It serves as a practical lesson that, although Hashem dwells in the Heaven, He lowers Himself to supervise His creations and to communicate with them. 3


1

As the old saying goes 'Seeing is believing!' Consequently, Yisrael will never be able to deny Ma'amad Har Sinai.

2

Refer to 20:20:1:2, and there is no need for an assistant to help Hashem (Ramban).

3

As the Pasuk says in Tehilim (113:5, 6).

3)

How will we reconcile this Pasuk with the Pasuk earlier (Shemos 19:20) that Hashem descended upon Har Sinai and spoke to Yisrael from there?

1.

Rashi #1: Hashem's Kavod in the form of His Voice) was in the Heaven - to chastise them, and His fire and great might were on earth. 1

2.

Rashi #2: He bent the Heaven and the Heaven of the Heavens and spread them on the Mountain. 2

3.

Ramban: Hashem was in Heaven and His Kavod (in the form of the fire) was on Har Sinai. 3


1

Rashi: As the Pasuk indicates in Devarim, 4:36 (Rashi).

2

Rashi: As the Pasuk indicates in Tehilim, 18:10 (Rashi). Refer also to 19:20:1:1.

3

Ramban: As the Pasuk indicates in Nechemyah, 9:13 (Ramban). The Ramban agrees with Rashi's quotations, but disagrees with his interpretation. He also quotes the Ibn Ezra, who cites Shemos 33:21 (See R. Chaval's notes).

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