What does "Mamleches Kohanim" mean?
Rashi: 'A kingdom of princes'. 1
Ramban: 'A kingdom of people who serve Me'. 2
Seforno and Targum Onkelos: 'A kingdom of Kohanim' - to teach all the nations to call in the Name of Hashem and to worship Him'. 3
Zevachim, 19a: It happened once when Huna bar Nasan was standing in front of King Izgadur with his belt tied above the height of his elbows, the king lowered it to the height of his elbows 6 and declared 'It is written regarding you (Yisrael) "Mamleches Kohanim!" '`
Oznayim la'Torah #1: To spread Hashem's Divinity in the world, by virtue of which Hashem will provide us with all our needs. 7
Meaning that every Jew will be a prince.
As if to say that Yisrael is to the nations of the world what Kohanim are to Yisraelim.
Peirush Yonasan and Yayin ha'Tov: Presumably this refers to the two crowns, one corresponding to "Na'aseh", the other, to "Nishma" which the angels bound on to Yisrael at Matan Torah.
Indicating that the crown of Torah incorporates the crown of kingship and the crown of Kehunah (Na'ar Yonasan citing Rabeinu Bachye).
See Torah Temimah, note 12..
Like we find by the Kohanim, about whom the Torah writes in Shoftim, Devarim, 18:1 'Hashem Hu Nachalaso" (Oznayim la'Torah).
See Oznayim la'Torah.
See ve'Zos ha'Berachah, Devarim, 33;10.
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