hebrew
1)

What does "Mamleches Kohanim" mean?

1.

Rashi: 'A kingdom of princes'. 1

2.

Ramban: 'A kingdom of people who serve Me'. 2

3.

Seforno and Targum Onkelos: 'A kingdom of Kohanim' - to teach all the nations to call in the Name of Hashem and to worship Him'. 3

4.

Targum Yonasan: 'A nation of kings, who are bound 4 with the crown of Torah and of Kohanim 5 who serve Hashem'.

5.

Zevachim, 19a: It happened once when Huna bar Nasan was standing in front of King Izgadur with his belt tied above the height of his elbows, the king lowered it to the height of his elbows 6 and declared 'It is written regarding you (Yisrael) "Mamleches Kohanim!" '`

6.

Oznayim la'Torah #1: To spread Hashem's Divinity in the world, by virtue of which Hashem will provide us with all our needs. 7

7.

Oznayim la'Torah: That Yisrael, in their capacity as a nation 8 of Kohanim, 9 will teach the world the knowledge of Hashem


1

Meaning that every Jew will be a prince.

2

As if to say that Yisrael is to the nations of the world what Kohanim are to Yisraelim.

3

As the Pasuk indicates in Yeshayah, 61:6 and 2:3 - "For Torah will go out from Tziyon" (Seforno).

4

Peirush Yonasan and Yayin ha'Tov: Presumably this refers to the two crowns, one corresponding to "Na'aseh", the other, to "Nishma" which the angels bound on to Yisrael at Matan Torah.

5

Indicating that the crown of Torah incorporates the crown of kingship and the crown of Kehunah (Na'ar Yonasan citing Rabeinu Bachye).

6

See Torah Temimah, note 12..

7

Like we find by the Kohanim, about whom the Torah writes in Shoftim, Devarim, 18:1 'Hashem Hu Nachalaso" (Oznayim la'Torah).

8

See Oznayim la'Torah.

9

See ve'Zos ha'Berachah, Devarim, 33;10.

2)

What are the connotation of "Goy Kadosh"?

1.

Seforno: It means that when Yisrael received the Torah, they would inherit eternal life - the existence of Olam ha'Ba was destined to take effect 1 and they would live forever. 2


1

As the Pasuk indicates in Yeshayah, 4:3. See also Sanhedrin, 92a (Seforno).

2

This changed however, when Yisrael worshipped the Golden Calf, and they were ordered to remove the jewellery that symbolized this gift - as the Pasuk clearly states in Ki Sisa, 33:6 (Seforno).

3)

What are the implications of "Eileh ha'Devarim ... "?

1.

Rashi: It implies that Moshe was not permitted to add or to detract from what Hashem told him. 1


1

Oznayim la'Torah: Even though they did not contain any Torah or Mitzvos, only words of encouragement to pursuade the people to accept the Torah.

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