hebrew
1)

What does "Mamleches Kohanim" mean?

1.

Rashi: It means a kingdom of princes. 1

2.

Ramban: A kingdom of people who serve Me. 2

3.

Seforno and Targum Onkelos: A kingdom of Kohanim - to teach all the nations to call in the Name of Hashem and to worship Him. 3

4.

Targum Yonasan: It means a nation of kings, who are crowned with the crown of Torah and of Kohanim 4 who serve Hashem.


1

Meaning that every Jew will be a prince.

2

As if to say that Yisrael is to the nations of the world what Kohanim are to Yisraelim.

3

As the Pasuk indicates in Yeshayah (61:6) and (2:3 - "For Torah will go out from Tziyon"] Seforno).

4

Indicating that the crown of Torah incorporates the crown of kingship and the crown of Kehunah (Na'ar Yonasan citing Rabeinu Bachye).

2)

What is meant by "Goy Kadosh"?

1.

Seforno: It means that when Yisrael received the Torah, they would inherit eternal life - the existence of Olam ha'Ba was destined to take effect 1 and they would live forever. 2


1

As the Pasuk indicates in Yeshayah (4:3). See also Sanhedrin, 92a (Seforno).

2

This changed however, when Yisrael worshipped the Golden Calf, and they were ordered to remove the jewellery that symbolized this gift - as the Pasuk clearly states in Ki Sisa, 33:6 (Seforno).

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