'What is the connection between this Pasuk and the previous one (as hinted in the 'Vav' of "u'Moshe")?
Seforno: Whilst the people concerned themselves with organizing the camp, Moshe ascenced the Mountain and prepared himself for prophecy.
What prompted Moshe to ascend (or ro prepare to ascemnd) Har Sinai before Hashem called him?
Ramban #1 (citing the Ibn Ezra): Refer to 19:3:2:1.
Oznayim la'Torah: Because a. he was commanded at the time of the Burning Bush to bring Yisrael to serve Hashem on Har Sinai and b. he told Par'oh in Egypt "va'Anachnu Lo Neida Mah Na'avod es Hashem Ad Bo'einu Shamah". He naw had to ascend the mountain for instructions.
When did Moshe ascend Har Sinai for the first time?
Rashi and Targum Yonasan: On the following morning - the second of Sivan. 1
See Sifsei Chachamim.
What is the chronological order of the two opening phrases?
Ramban #1 (citing the Ibn Ezra): Hashem called to Moshe, and Moshe ascended to Him
For six days - See Sh'mos 24:16 (Ramban).
But did not actually ascend it (Ramban).
And that is how Hashem transmitted the Aseres ha'Dibros to Yisrael via Moshe six days later (Ramban).
Oznayim la'Torah: Like in Sh'mos, 3:4, where Hashem called to Moshe after Moshe turned to examine the Burning Bush.
Bearing in mind the Pasuk in Tehilim "ha'Shamayim Shamayim la'Hashem", how could Moshe ascend to Hashem?
Sukah, 5a: He only went up to a point below ten Tefachim (of the point where the Heaven begins). 1
See Torah Temimh, note 8.
What are the ramifications of the word "Koh"?
Rashi: Moshe was to teach Yisrael these exact words and in this exact order. 1
Gur Aryeh: First to the women, and then to the men.
Why does it say "Koh Somar le'Veis Ya'akov" and "ve'Sageid li'Venei Yisrael"?
Rashi: "Beis Ya'akov" refers to the women - Speak to them softly 1 (and tell them the main points
Amirah has connotations of soft speech (See Sifsei Chachamim).
Why did the women merit to be told first? (Refer to 19:3:4:1*.)
Moshav Zekenim, citing R. Moshe of Narvona: It was in the merit of Leah, who engraved "Torah Tzivah Lanu Moshe
Her eyes became weak before Ya'akov came to Charan; we must say that she already merited Ru'ach ha'Kodesh to know "Torah Tzivah