hebrew
1)

Having already warned (in the previous Pasuk) against touching the mountain, why does the Torah see fit to repeat it?

1.

Rashbam, Da'as Zekenim citing R. Yitzchak, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh (12): The Torah is referring (not to touching the mountain, but) to touching the sinner. One may not come close to him to kill him, for then the executioner will be Chayav Misah for ascending the mountain! Rather, one stones him via firing arrows or throwing stones at him, as the Pasuk goes on to explain.

2.

Moshav Zekenim: This verse forbids touching (killing) one who touched the mountain. We must let Shamayim kill him.

3.

Da'as Zekenim: This verse teaches that he is stoned. Do not say that Stam Misah is choking.

2)

What did Hashem mean when he added "O Yaroh Yiyareh"?

1.

Rashi: This teaches us that the sentence of Sekilah was carried out by pushing the culprit down 1 from the place of Sekilah.


1

From a height of twice a person's height (i.e. six Amos) . See Shemos 15:4 (Rashi Sanhedrin, 45a).

3)

What is "bi'Mshoch ha'Yovel" that permits to ascend the mountain?

1.

Rashi #1: It is a long Shofar blast. 1 It is a sign that the Shechinah 2 had departed.

2.

Rashi #2 (Beitzah, 5b, citing the Mechilta) and Rashbam: It is when the blowing of the Shofar ceases.


1

Rashi in Beitzah, 5b. It is like the way of musicians to end with a long note. (This is like we do in Teki'as Shofar on Rosh Hashanah

4)

What exactly was the "Yovel"?

1.

Rashi: It was the Shofar that was made from the horn of Yitzchak's ram. 1

2.

Ramban (according to Kabalah): It was the voice of Pachad Yitzchak. 2


1

Which Hashem perhaps re-shaped and formed from the ashes of the ram (Ramban).

2

See Devarim 4:12 - which explains why the people trembled when they heard it (See Pasuk 16 [Ramban]).

5)

Rashi writes that "Oh Yaro Yiyareh" teaches that one who is stoned is cast down. It says "Sakol Yisakel" before this. Beis Din casts him down before throwing stones! Within one matter, the Torah is in order (Pesachim 6b)!

1.

Moshav Zekenim #1: The simple meaning 1 of the verse teaches how to kill one who alighted on the mountain. We throw stones at him from afar, and if we cannot kill him this way, we fire arrows. 2

2.

Tosfos (Pesachim 6b DH Aval), Moshav Zekenim #2, Riva: Here is different, for a Drashah teaches that stoning is [written] next to death - "u'Skaltam ba'Avanim va'Mesu" (Devarim 17:5). Therefore, stoning is after casting down.

3.

Riva, citing R. Meir Kochbi, Hadar Zekenim: The Torah needed to write Oh Yaro Yiyareh last, to teach that if he died from the fall, they were Yotzei (without stoning him). There is no need to teach that if he died through stoning, they were Yotzei.

4.

The verse does not discuss Misas Beis Din. Refer to 19:13:152:4.


1

'The Torah is in order' applies to the simple meaning, and not to additional Drashos. (PF)

2

This is unlike Moshav Zekenim wrote above (verse 12), that such a person is killed bi'Ydei Shamayim, and not through people! (PF)

6)

Rashi writes that "Oh Yaro Yiyareh" teaches that one who is stoned is cast down. Why does it say "Oh"? In every case he is cast down (and if this does not kill him, they stone him)!

1.

Riva: We find that "Oh" can mean 'Asher' (that), e.g. "v'Higisho El ha'Deles Oh El ha'Mezuzah" (below, 21:6). The Targum Yerushalmi is 'to the door that is attached to the Mezuzah.' Here it means that we stone one who was cast down.

2.

Refer to 19:13:151:3.

3.

Hadar Zekenim: Here, "Oh" means Im (if)

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