hebrew
1)

What was Hashem's response to their request?

1.

Rashi: Since they were now destined to hear the Aseres ha'Dibros directly from Hashem, they would require a process of purification that would last for three days - from the fourth to the sixth of Sivan, 1 as the Pasuk goes on to explain.


1

On the fifth of Sivan, Moshe built a Mizbe'ach and twelve Matzeivos (monuments) at the foot of the mountain, as the Pasuk describes at the end of Mishpatim (Rashi).

2)

What is the meaning of "v'Kidashtem"?

1.

Rashi, Ramban #1 (citing Onkelos) and Seforno: It means "Prepare yourselves". 1

2.

Ramban #2 (citing Ibn Ezra): It means to immerse in water. 2

3.

Ramban #3: It means "Sanctify yourselves" - by keeping away from one's wives and from all kinds of Tum'ah. 3


1

As in Yeshayah (13:3 [Ramban]).

2

See Ramban's objection to this explanation.

3

Since someone who distances himself from Tum'ah is called 'Kadosh', as we find in connection with the Kohanim (See Vayikra 21:1). And this automatically entails Tevilah in a Mikveh (See Mechilta [Ramban]). Refer also to 19:10:4:1.

3)

What did the preparation entail?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: It entailed separating from their wives (abstaining from intimacy). 1


1

Which became necessary now that they were about to attain (temporarily) a level pf prophecy 'Panim el Panim' (Refer to 19:9:2:2). And this explains why, after Matan Torah, Moshe was forbidden to remain with his wife (See Devarim (5:27, 28 [Seforno]).

4)

Why did they need to wash their clothes?

1.

Mechilta: Whenever the Pasuk mentions Kibus Begadim, it means that there was Tevilah as well. 1


1

See Yevamos, 46b. Refer also to 19:10:2:3*.

5)

Where (and when) was this Pasuk said to Moshe?

1.

Ramban (Pasuk 14): It was said to Moshe whilst he was on the mountain (on the fourth day, when he presented Hashem with Yisrael's previous response). 1


1

Refer to 19:9:5:1.

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