hebrew
1)

What was the purpose of the Se'udah that they made with Yisro?

1.

Rashi (in Shmuel 1, 15:6): It was Yisro who made the Se'udah for them (possibly in honor of his conversion. 1

2.

Seforno and Ramban: He brought Korbanos in honor of his accepting upon himself the yoke of Malchus Shamayim (his conversion), 2 and they came to join him to rejoice with him, 3


1

See Targum Yonasan, Pasuk 7) and Rashi in Shmuel.

2

Like Na'aman did (See Melachim 2, 5:17[Seforno]).

3

As the Pasuk writes in Tehilim 149:20 (Seforno). He did so on the day of his 'Chasunah', since he was the Chasan Damim (Ramban).

2)

When did they make the meal?

1.

Ramban #1: As soon as he arrived, before they even arrived at Sinai. 1

2.

Ramban #2: Only much later, after he had settled down, and after he converted with Milah, Tevilah and bringing a Korban. 2

3.

Moshav Zekenim: It was not before Matan Torah, for Moshe was constantly going up and down Har Sinai. Rather, it was on Yom Kipur! 3

4.

Da'as Zekenim (13), Hadar Zekenim (13): It was two or three days from when he descended from Har Sinai (on Yom Kipur). The Torah is out of order.


1

Refer to 18:1:7:1**.

2

And the Torah mentions it here as part of the story of Yisro's joining Yisrael (Ramban).

3

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim: This cannot be, for Moshe ate with him, and it was after Matan Torah (he was obligated to fast! Moshav Zekenim assumes that the Torah is in order here

3)

Where was Moshe - who went out to meet him and caused him all this Kavod?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: Moshe was serving the guests.

2.

Rashbam: Seeing as Moshe was the host, it is obvious that he was there, and it is not therefore necessary to mention him by name.

4)

What are the connotations of "Lifnei ha'Elokim"?

1.

Rashi: It teaches us that someone who partakes of a Se'udah at which Talmidei-Chachamim are sitting, it is as if he had benefited from the glory of the Shechinah.

2.

Seforno: It means that they ate in front of the Mizbe'ach 1 on which Yisro brought his Korbanos. 2


1

Either the Mizbe'ach which Moshe built (in Refidim) after Yisrael defeated Amalek or which he built now in honor of the occasion (Seforno).

2

Which had the status of within the hangings of the Azarah (after the Mishkan was built [Seforno]).

5)

From where did Yisro get animals for Korbanos? It does not say that he brought animals!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: He bought them.

6)

From where was the bread for the meal?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: It was normal bread. Manna was only for Yisrael, who were afflicted. Yisro brought bread; he was rich, and would not leave without bread. The others ate with him to honor him. Also, they desired to eat bread. 1


1

Why would Kedoshim like Moshe and Aharon desire to eat bread? This is fine if we will say that there was no Torah Mitzvah of Birkas ha'Mazon on Manma (see Daf Al ha'Daf Brachos 48b citing ha'Gaon Rav Y.S. Elyashiv Ztz"l - PF)

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