hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Ki Yad al Keis Kah ... "?

1.

Rashi, Ramban #1 (citing Midrash Tanchuma), Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that Hashem's Hand is raised to swear by His Throne, that He will personally continue to fight Amalek and to treat him like an enemy forever.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing R. Yeshu'a, cited in the Ibn Ezra and also by the Rashbam) 1 : The battle against Amalek will take effect when there will be a king 2 (Sha'ul) sitting on the throne of Hashem. 3

3.

Ramban #3 (According to Kabalah): "The Hand which is on the Throne of Hashem" refers to the Midas ha'Din shel Ma'alah, which denotes Hashem's battle against Amalek in all generations. 4

4.

Seforno: The reason that Moshe prayed to Hashem to be his champion 5 was because Hashem swore to fight Amalek from generation to generation, and Yisrael are obligated to fight His battles in every generation.


1

See Rashbam's objection to this explanation.

2

Since "Keis Kah (Kisei) Hashem" is synonymous with the king of Yisrael (See Divrei ha'Yamim 1, 29:23 [Ramban]).

3

The Gemara states in Sanhedrin (20b) that 'Yisrael were commanded three Mitzvos upon entering Eretz Yisrael - to appoint a king, to wipe out Amalek and to build the Beis-ha'Mikdash (Seforno). Refer also to 17:16:1:3**.

4

As is hinted in the Midrash cited by Rashi (Refer to 37:16:2:1)

5

Refer to 17:15:2:2.

2)

Why did Hashem spell the words "Keis" without an 'Alef', and why did he say "Kah" and not the full Name Havayah?

1.

Rashi and Ramban (citing Midrash Tanchuma): He swore that neither His Name nor His Throne will be complete until the Name of Amalek is erased. 1


1

As the Pasuk indicates in Tehilim (9:7, 8 [Rashi]).

3)

What does "mi'Dor Dor" mean?

1.

Rashi (in Yeshayah, 34:10): From the generation of Moshe until the generation of Shaul, and from the generation of Shaul until that of Melech ha'Mashi'ach. 1

2.

Ramban: That every king of Yisrael is obligated to take the battle against Amalek.

3.

Targum Onkelos: From the generations of the world.

4.

Targum Yonasan: Hashem swore that He would destroy them from three generations: from this world, from the generation of Mashi'ach 2 and from Olam ha'Ba (after Techi'as ha'Meisim).


1

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

2

See Na'ar Yonasan.

4)

Why is Amalek punished more than all the other nations who attacked Yisrael?

1.

Ramban: Because all the other nations stood in awe of Hashem when they heard about the miracles of K'ri'as Yam-Suf. 1


1

As the Torah described above (Shemos 15:14, 15).Whilst Amalek came from afar to attack Yisrael in defiance of Hashem, as the Torah testifies in Devarim 25:18 - "and he did not fear Hashem" (Ramban).

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