hebrew
1)

Having presented Hashem's victory over Pharaoh and his army (Refer to 15:4:1:1*), what is the Torah discussing now?

1.

Seforno: The Torah is now discussing the destruction of the Egyptians who followed the army as they chased after Yisrael to destroy them. 1


1

Regarding which Pasuk 11 is the thanks (Seforno). Refer also to 14:28:1:3.

2)

What does the Torah mean by "u've'Ru'ach Apecha"?

1.

Rashi: The Torah sometimes speaks about Hashem in human term (a language that we understand) - and when a human king gets angry, he breaths hot air from his nostrils, 1 which comes out in short spurts. 2

2.

Rashbam: It refers to the powerful east wind that caused the water to pile up. 3


1

See for example, Tehilim, 18:9, and Iyov, 4:9 (Rashi).

2

This explains why the Pasuk always refers to anger with a Lashon "Charon Af" or just "Charah" (which means hot (burning) [Rashi]). See Rashi, who dwells at length on this point.

3

See above, Shemos 14:22.

3)

What is the meaning of "Ne'ermu Mayim"?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos): "By the command of Hashem the water became wise". 1

2.

Rashi #2, Seforno, Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: The water piled up into a heap. 2


1

To pile up, thereby creating a path for Yisrael to pass through and to subsequently drown thye Egyptians (See Sifsei Chachamim). See also Peirush Yonasan.

2

To conform to the next words "Nitz'vu K'mo Neid Nozlim" (Rasi).

4)

And what are the connotations of "Kaf'u Tehomos"?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: The water congealed. 1 It became hard like stone, and the water proceeded to hurl the Egyptians on to it (Rashi), 2 or to enable Yisrael to cross without difficulty (Seforno).


1

Like cheese - See Iyov 10:10 (Rashi and Rashbam).

2

Refer also to 15:4:3:1.

Chumash: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & Donations Readers' Feedback Mailing Lists Talmud Archives Ask the Kollel Dafyomi Weblinks Dafyomi Calendar Other Yomi calendars