1)

What does "va'Ta'an Lahem Miryam" mean?

1.

Rashi: It means that Miryam sang and the women sang after her.

2)

Why does the Torah write "va'Ta'an Lahem Miryam" and not 'va'Tashir' (as it does about Moshe and the men [See Targum Yonasan])?

1.

Due to the Isur of 'Kol Ishah', it is possible that Miryam made a point of chanting 1 rather than singing like the men. 2


1

Others explain that that is why they took drums (Tiferes Yonason, Ma'ayanah shel Torah), and one can add that that is why the women left the camp to sing the Shirah in the desert. (EC) Refer to 15:21:152:4.

2

See also Oznayim la'Torah, who, based on the fact that the Pasuk speaks in the masculine ("va'Ta'an Lahem" explains that she was merely encouraging the men to sing and not singing with the women.

3)

What exactly did Miryam sing with the women?

1.

Rashi (citing the Mechilta): Miryam sang with the women what Moshe sang with the men.

2.

Ramban: They sang the first Pasuk only. 1


1

Refer to 15:19:1:4*.

4)

Why does the Torah write "va'Ta'an Lahem Miryam" in the masculine?

1.

Riva, citing a Midrash: The angels complained to Hashem - if the men [of Yisrael] sing before us, will the women before us?! Miryam answered them - sing first, and afterwards we will sing.

2.

Refer to 15:21:2:1**.

3.

Kli Yakar (20): The women reached a level of prophecy of men.

4.

Shlah (Torah Ohr 7): Some bachelors came to see the women's Simchah. Miryam told them to return to where the men are singing.

5)

Did the men hear the women sing? Is this not forbidden due to Kol Ishah?

1.

Be'er Mayim Chayim 3 (b'Sof Teshuvos Be'er Sheva): A Hora'as Sha'ah permitted Devorah to sing with Barak (Shoftim 5:1. Perhaps the same applied here. - PF)

2.

Vilna Gaon (OC 75:3): Some Rishonim, including Talmidei R. Yonah, Hagahos Maimoniyos and Mordechai, forbid Kol Ishah only at the time of Keri'as Shma.

3.

Chomas Anach (Tehilim 87:7): Where the Shechinah dwells, e.g. at a time of Nevu'ah, there is no concern. The same applied to Devorah, who sang with Barak (Shoftim 5:1).

4.

Seridei Esh {2:8): One may hear men and women singing together. Chasan Sofer (OC Taharas Yadayim 14) was unsure about this. Tzitz Eliezer (14:7) - this is a minority opinion; most reject it.

5.

Avnei Yashfe 2 (OC 5): The Isur of Kol Ishah is mid'Rabanan. It had not yet been enacted.

6.

Teshuvos R. C. Kanievsky (73): They danced and sang in their own place, lest the men see and hear them.)

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