hebrew
1)

What is the difference between "Eimasah" and "Pachad"?

1.

Rashi: "Eimasah" is what those who are far away experience, "Pachad", those who are close. 1


1

As in Yehoshua, 2:10 (Rashi).

2)

What are the ramifications of Moshe's Tefilah "Tipol aleihem ... bi'Gedol Zero'acha"?

1.

Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra): Refer to 15:14:1:2* - with reference to the P'leshes, Edom and Mo'av before Yisrael crossed the Yarden.

2.

Ramban #2: - with reference to the Cana'anim, after they crossed the Yarden. 1

3.

Seforno: Moshe prayed that, out of fear, the Cana'anim would flee before Yisrael. 2


1

Indeed, they did not take on Yisrael in battle until Yisrael attacked them, and the Cana'ani, King of Arad (See Chukas, Bamidbar 21:1) were not really Cana'aanim at all as the Midrash points out (Ramban [See Rashi there]).

2

Like the Egyptians attempted to do (See above, Shemos 14:25 [Seforno]).

3)

And what What are the ramifications of the continuation "Yidmu ka'Aven ad Ya'avor ... "?

1.

Seforno: Even when Yisrael will attack them in their towns, they should be so afraid that will not rise against them in self-defense.

4)

What is the significance of the double expression "ad Ya'avor"?

1.

Rashi (with reference to Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: They refer to the crossing of the Rivers Arnon 1 and Yarden, respectively.

2.

Rashbam: The Pasuk repeats itself in the same way as it did above. 2


1

See Rashi, Chukas, Bamidbar 21:15.

2

Refer to 15:11:2:1*.

5)

What does the Pasuk mean when it describes Yisrael as the nation that Hashem acquired?

1.

Rashi: It means the nation that Hashem endeared them over and above all the other nations. 1

2.

Targum Onkelos: The nation that You redeemed.

3.

Targum Yonasan: The nation that You acquired. 2


1

Like an object that one purchased for a lot of money and which one therefore prizes (Rashi).

2

This is in keeping with Mishnah in Pirkei Avos (6:10) which cites this Pasuk in connection with the five acquisitions that Hashem acquired for Himself in this world.

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