hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of the word "Nashafta"?

1.

Rashi and Ramban #2: It means that Hashem blew. 1

2.

Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra): Hashem covered the water on the Egyptians at night-time. 2

3.

Rashi (in Menachos, 53a), Ramban #3 and Targum Yonasan: It means Hashem blew, as if it had written 'Nashavta'. 3


1

As in Yeshayah, 40:24 (Rashi).

2

From the Lashon "Neshef" (night-time [Ibn Ezra]).

3

Since a 'Fey' and a 'Veis' are interchangeable (See for example, Pe'ah, 6:1, and Yo'el 1:17) - See also Rashi to Bereishis 15:11).

2)

Hashem caused the water to congeal with "the breath of His nostrils". Does He now cause the water to cover them using the same breath?

1.

Hadar Zekenim, Seforno and Ramban: Yes, Hashem did both actions using the same breath! 1


1

Hadar Zekenim: This was a great miracle. Normally, breath from the mouth is cold, and from the nose is hot. Here, His [hot] breath from the nose froze the water, and His [cold] breath from the mouth melted the frozen water..

3)

What is the significance of the description "Adirim"?

1.

Rashbam: It describes the (turbulent) water.

2.

Menachos 53a: It refers to the Egyptians. 1 Ha'Kadosh Baruch Hu, who is called 'Adir' (Tehilim, 93:4) caused Yisrael, who are called 'Adirim' (Tehilim 16:3) to be paid from (punish) the Egyptians, who are called here 'Adirim', to sink like lead in the water, which is called 'Adirim' (Tehilim 93:4). 2

3.

Seforno: It refers to the officers and heads of the Egyptian army.


1

Mishnah Berurah (51:17, from Pri Megadim): The note under "b'Mayim" is a Tipcha, to show that it is not connected to "Adirtm"; one must pause between them. (Some ask that likewise, there is a Tipcha under "Yoshvei", even though surely it is connected to "Pelashes" (verse 14)! Perhaps when one cannot err to expound differently, notes are assigned for other reasons (refer to 12:40:3:1*, refer to Bereishis 44:18:151:1). The Gematriya of ha'Tipcha is 103, the same as Avimelech

Chumash: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & Donations Readers' Feedback Mailing Lists Talmud Archives Ask the Kollel Dafyomi Weblinks Dafyomi Calendar Other Yomi calendars